McNamara FN. et al "Effects of piperine, the pungent component of black pepper, at the human vanilloid receptor (TRPV1)"   Br J Pharmacol. 2005 Mar;144(6):781-90
Sunila ES. et al "Immunomodulatory and antitumor activity of Piper longum Linn. and piperine"   J Ethnopharmacol. 2004 Feb;90(2-3):339-46
Srinivasan K. "Black pepper and its pungent principle-piperine: a review of diverse physiological effects"   Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2007;47(8):735-48
Bajad S. et al "Antidiarrhoeal activity of piperine in mice"   Planta Med. 2001 Apr;67(3):284-7
Lin Z. et al "Amides from Piper nigrum L. with dissimilar effects on melanocyte proliferation in-vitro"   J Pharm Pharmacol. 2007 Apr;59(4):529-36
†The statements on this Web site have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). And are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease. The information presented is not intended to replace medical advice or treatment from your own doctor or healthcare provider. Nothing presented here is intended as a substitute for prescription medication or any other medical treatment prescribed by your doctor.