5 HTP 5-HTP (5-Hydroxytryptophan) is an amino acid that is the intermediate step between tryptophan and the important neurotransmitter serotonin, an important neurotransmitter that helps regulate appetite, mood and sleep. 5-HTP is one step closer to serotonin t
5 Hydroxytryptophan is a derivative of the amino acid tryptophan and a precursor to the neurotransmitter serotonin, which is a key regulator of mood, sleep, and appetite. Serotonin has been shown to alleviate depression, aid in weight loss, prevent migraine headaches, decrease the discomfort of fibromyalgia, improve sleep quality, and reduce anxiety.
5-HTP easily enters the bloodstream and converts to serotonin. Taken orally, 70% of 5-HTP is converted to serotonin, as compared to only 3% of tryptophan.
5-HTP is a direct precursor of the important inhibitory neurotransmitter serotonin. It is a natural substance that converts in the brain into serotonin. Serotonin is secreted in response to mood or emotion swings
7-keto DHEA 7-keto DHEA is a slightly different form of the DHEA molecule. Both are produced in the human body and researchers refer to 7-keto DHEA as a metabolite of DHEA, meaning 7-keto DHEA is produced during the natural breakdown of DHEA in the body
An "essential fatty acids" which our body cannot synthesize thus, must be consumed in the diet. Needed for the production of eicosanoids, which help regulate blood-clotting, blood pressure, heart rate, immune response and a wide variety of other biological processes.
Alanine Alanine is a non essential amino acid, important for the metabolism of tryptophan and pyridoxine. Alanine helps regulate blood sugar and is necessary for the promotion of proper blood glucose levels from dietary protein. Alanine is involved in gluconeogenesis - the manufacture of glucose from alanine by the liver.
Alanine is a source of energy for muscle tissue and nervous system, where the body uses it as a fuel. Alanine is used by the body to build protein and to produce energy. Alanine strengthens the immune system by producing antibodies, and helps in the metabolism of sugars and organic acids. Alanine is an inhibitory or calming neurotransmitter in brain. Alanine is an important cofactor in the storage of energy from the body's Kreb cycle. Alanine is known to build the immune system and be helpful in the post-injury state.
High in vitamins (esp.K), minerals, enzymes and chlorophyll; blood liver purifier, body alkalizer; used for arthritis and rheumatism. Its leaves are rich in calcium, magnesium, potassium, beta-carotene, vitamins A, B-12, C, D, E, K, and also contain all eight essential amino acids. Alfalfa is one of the earliest cultivated plants, used for centuries for feeding livestock. It is one of the best sources of insoluble fiber and is used as an active ingredient in many fiber supplements. The Chinese have used alfalfa since the sixth century to treat kidney stones, and to relieve fluid retention and swelling.
Aloe Vera Cape Aloe native aloe vera to South Africa.
Aloe is thought to clean, soothe and heal skin and other body tissues, and is found in many cosmetics and hair products to give a person healthy skin and hair. This welltrient is believed to contain antibiotic properties and to stimulate the normal growth of living cells. It helps to heal internal tissues from radiation exposure. It is helpful with inflammation and cleansing of the colon. It is also helpful with diarrhea and constipation. Known for its antibiotic properties while promoting the growth of normal living cells
Alpha Galactosidase Alpha Galactosidase breakdown (catabolism by hydrolysis) the chemical bonds (alpha 1-6 bonds) found in the carbohydrates; melibiose, raffinose, and stachyose most often associated with the legumes (plants).
These types of carbohydrates are found mainly in beans, legumes, seeds, roots, soy products, and underground stems. These poly-saccharides are not digestible in the small intestine. As these sugars are not absorbed so they pass into the large intestine where, these sugars are fermented by native microbial flora that produce gas resulting in bloating, pain and general discomfort. Alpha Galactosidase action is to hydrolyzes these carbohydrates.
A key organic acid in the energy-producing Krebs cycle, it cuts down on lactic acid production that causes soreness after exercising, reduces muscle "burn" and improves energy output and endurance.
The Aluminum found in plants is organically bound colloidal aluminum and appears not to have any negative affect and trace amounts may be essential in human nutrition. Most of the mineral Aluminum is found in the lungs, brain, kidneys, liver, and thyroid.
The natural sulfide of antimony was known and used in Biblical times as medicine and as a cosmetic. It is not an abundant welltrient, but is found in over 100 mineral species, sometimes found natively, but more frequently it is found as the sulfide stibnite.
Apples help fight diseases such as breast cancer, alzheimers, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia and heart disease. Apples reduce the risk of asthma and improving lung function, apples also have been shown to help lower cholesterol, prevent lipid oxidation, and inhibit cell proliferation.
Apricot Apricots in the medical arena, apricot seeds are known to contain the highest amounts of cyanide generating compounds, which the cancer-fighting drug laetrile is derived from. Apricots are orange colored fruits rich in beta carotene, lycopene and fiber.
Good for healthy skin and mucous membranes. Vitamin A from beta carotene is needed for good sight; insufficient amounts can cause night blindness, impair sight and increase susceptibility to colds and other illnesses.
Arabinogalactan Arabinogalactans are an class of cell surface proteoglycans widely distributed in flowering plants like larch and tamarack.
Arginine Arginine promotes natural growth hormone (GH) release from the pituitary gland. The body needs Arginine to repair itself properly during the state of sleep.
Arginine metabolizes body fat and tones muscle, increases sperm count in males, aids in the healing of wounds and has been shown to retard the growth of tumors and cancer, increases protein synthesis (reduce protein catabolism), regulates hormone secretion, and increases polyamine synthesis and thymus function. Arginine supports the immune system as well as maintains a positive nitrogen balance in the body.
May be essential and functional in humans in very small amounts. It has been shown to be essential in rats and other animals, though it is found in higher concentrations in them than in humans.
Ascophyllum nodosum A multicellular protistans placed in the Division Phaeophyta.
A seaweed with a long history of use as a food and as a source of assimilable iodine. This species of kelp has valuable nutrients from ocean floors. Many of these trace minerals act as building blocks of a wide range of enzymes, which maintain the proper function of all the body's vital systems.
Asparagine Asparagine is a non essential amino acid, Asparagine is made from Aspartic Acid plus ATP (adenosine tri-phosphate).
Required by the nervous system to maintain equilibrium and is required for amino acid transformation from one form to the other inside the liver.
Asparagine functions as a neurotransmitter, of particular interest is that Aspartic Acid and Asparagine have high concentrations in the hippocampus and the hypothalamus. The hippocampus is a part of the brain that plays the main role in short-term memory, while the hypothalamus is involved in the biology of emotion, and serves as a neurological gate between the brain and the rest of the nervous system.
Asparagus Asparagus is rich in folic acid; it functions as a strong diuretic, blood cleanser, bowel maintenance, soothes a nervous mind; is the highest tested food containing the amino acid glutathione.
Aspartic Acid Aspartic Acid can be found naturally in plant proteins, is a non essential amino acid that may be interconvertible with the amino acid Asparagine. Asparatic acid is synthesized from the amino acid glutamate.
Aspartic acid is converted intracellularly into oxaloacetate, a substrate in the energy-producing Krebs cycle, and is a carrier molecule for the transport of potassium and magnesium into the cell. L-Aspartic Acid is central to the formation of both RNA and DNA the pancreatic cells and insulin production of aspartic acid are in position 57 of the DNA chain. Aspartic acid is alanine with one of the β hydrogens replaced by a carboxylic acid group.
Aspartic acid can help some body functions such as metabolism during the process of constructing amino acids and biochemicals, as well as generating immunoglobulin and antibodies. Aspartic acid is beneficial for neural health, assists the liver to remove excess toxins and waste from the circulatory system by ridding itself of highly toxic ammonia.
Aspergillus Aspergillus is a genus of around 200 fungi.
Fungi are divided into two basic morphological forms, yeasts and hyphae. Aspergillus is a filamentous fungus (made of chains of cells, called hyphae).
Aspergillus niger is a fungus and one of the most common species of the genus Aspergillus. It causes black mould on certain types of fruit and vegetables. Some strains of Aspergillus niger are used in the preparation of citric acid, gluconic acid and the enzymes glucoamylase and α-galactosidase, and are considered acceptable for daily intake by the World Health Organisation.
AvocadoAvocado (Persea americana) are called alligator pears because of their shape and the color of their skin.
Avocados (Persea americana) are a complete food, with over fourteen minerals, including potassium, iron and copper. The low sugar content and absence of starch make them an ideal fruit. Vitamins in avocados include A, several B-complex, C, and E, as well as phosphorus and magnesium.
Banaba The Banaba Leaf contains a triterpenoid compound called corosolic acid to help stimulate glucose transport into cells. Corosolic Acid plays a role in regulating levels of blood sugar and insulin in the blood.
The extract contains a triterpenoid compound called corosolic acid - that action by stimulating glucose transport into cells. Fluctuations in blood sugar and insulin are related to appetite, hunger and various food cravings - particularly craving for carbohydrates such as bread and sweets. By keeping blood sugar and insulin levels in check, it may be an effective for promoting weight loss.
Banana A wholesome, nutritious food and a good source of important vitamins, minerals, and macro nutrients including vitamin C, potassium, vitamin B6, and dietary fiber. Bananas contain three natural sugars - sucrose, fructose and glucose combined with fiber. A
Research has shown that 2 bananas provide enough energy for a strenuous 90-minute workout.
Barium Barium is a trace mineral believed important for growth in our bones and teeth.
The possibility that it is an essential mineral has been neither confirmed or denied, despite the claim of Rygh (1949), he reported that the omission of barium from the diet resulted in depressed growth and reduced calcification of bones and teeth in rats and guinea pigs. Barium can spare calcium and is relatively nontoxic and showed some stimulatory action.
Barley grass Barley is an annual grass.
Barley grass is a great source of phyto-rich nutrients for our body’s needs. Barley grass assists in growth, tissue repair and well-being. Some experts call it the closest thing on this planet to the perfect food. The use of barley as food and medicine dates back thousands of years.
Bean Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of the family Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae). Bean usually refers to the the seeds of the bean plants, it can also mean the whole pods of the bean plant. Green beans means the unripened bean often including the pod.
Beet The rich, purple-crimson colored pigment, betacyanin in Beets, and folate are just two of the many powerful compounds that help protect against heart disease, birth defects and certain cancers, especially colon cancer, which has been demonstrated in sever
Beets are high in anti-oxidant activity and contain significant levels of Vitamins C and A (beta carotene).
Beryllim is found in igneous rock at 2 to 8 ppm; shale at 3 ppm; sandstone and limestone < 1.0 ppm; fresh water 0.001 ppm; sea water at 0.0000006 ppm; soil at 0.1 to 40 ppm; marine plants at 0.001 ppm (highest in brown algae); land plants at < 0.1 ppm (highest in volcanic soils); land animals at 0.0003 to 0.00s ppm in soft tissue.
Beta Carotene A carotenoid known as an anti-oxidant and as a provitamin A, because it is one of the most important precursors of vitamin A in the body.
Beta-carotene converts to vitamin A in the body and is needed for healthy sight, skin and hair. A pro-vitamin to Vitamin A, thought to have anti-cancer effects that could boost immunity, improve vision, support holistic healing and help prevent heart disease. Beta-carotene is believed to contain no toxic side-effects like Vitamin A. Beta-carotene is known for its yellow-orange pigment.
Beta Glucans Beta Glucan comprise a class of non-digestible polysaccharides widely found in nature, located primarily in the cell walls. In oats, barley and other cereal grains, Beta Glucans are located primarily in the endosperm cell wall.
Beta Glucan is associated with regulation of blood glucose levels and stimulation of immune system response. Beta Glucan may activate macrophage cells, to help the body engulf and identify abnormal cells throughout the body. Beta Glucan may simulate the immune system by activating white blood cells to attack infections and tumors.
Regular consumption of beta-glucan is capable of reducing cholesterol.
Beta Glucans ability to reduce total and LDL cholesterol comes about through the formation of a gel in the small intestine that surrounds bile acids and prevents them from being recycled back to the liver. To replace these bile acids, which are excreted, the liver is forced to take cholesterol out of the blood.
Beta Glucans glycemic response reduction is attributed to Beta Glucan's high viscosity, which increases the duration of intestinal transit and delays digestion of carbohydrates.
Beta-Sitosterol β-sitosterol are plant sterols found in all plants and herbs containing a chemical structures similar to that of cholesterol.
Beta Sistosterol is a phytosterol or plant alcohol that is in every herb. Beta Sitosterol is one of the primary bioactive compounds in both saw palmetto berries and stinging nettle. Beta Sitosterol can decrease the absorption of cholesterol in the digestive system and decrease the amount of cholesterol produced by the liver.
Betaine Betaine is a choline derivative important for its role in the donation of methyl groups used in the conversion of homocysteine to methionine and for it's important folate sparing effect.
In the body, Betaine donates one of its methyl groups to cellular DNA, which helps DNA to maintain its normal functioning. When it has three methyl groups attached to each molecule of glycine it is called "trimethylglycine". When in a TMG methyl group it donates a molecule of homocysteine, which is converted first to methionine, then to S-adenosyl-methionine (SAMe).
Closely related to choline, the difference is choline (tetramethylglycine) has four methyl groups attached to it. When choline donates one of these groups to another molecule, it becomes betaine (trimethylglycine). If betaine donates one of its methyl groups, then it becomes dimethylglycine. Betaine plays a role in the manufacture of carnitine.
Betaine HCL Betaine HCL The non-essential nutrient Betaine HCL (Hydrochloride) is a naturally occurring hydrochloric acid that breaks down fats and proteins in the stomach, initiates the conversion of pepsinogen to pepsin.
Hydrochloric acid (HCL) initiates the conversion of pepsinogen to pepsin & assists protein digestion.
Bifidobacterium bifidum Bacillus bifidus is a specific inhabitant of the large intestine (colon) and composes a large presence of the beneficial microflora which produce acids to retard colonization of putrefactive bacteria.
Bacillus bifidus composes a majority of the beneficial microflora which produce acids to retard colonization of putrefactive bacteria such as E. coli, Clostridium, and Salmonella. Strains of this species have been used in the production of foods containing bifidobacteria, such as cultured milks, and in therapeutic preparations for the treatment of the following: digestive disorders in infants, enterocolitis, constipation, cirrhosis of the liver, imbalance of intestinal flora following antibiotic therapy, and for promotion of intestinal peristalsis.
Bifidobacterium breve The “Bifidobacterium breve” is an intestinal probiotic that can produce trans-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from free linoleic acid.
The probiotic “Bifidobacteria” species are the resident organisms that produce acids that retard the colonization of certain foreign or harmful bacteria in the colon.
Bifidobacterium infantis The Bifidobacteria infantis species is predominant in the feces of breast-fed infants.
Like other bifidobacteria species, this organism can produce acids that may retard the colonization of the colon by certain foreign or harmful bacteria. Research suggests that the presence of Bifidobacterium infantis in the colon may help reduce the incidence of infantile diarrhea.
Bifidobacterium longum The “Bifidobacterium longum” is among the first to colonize the sterile digestive tract of newborns and predominates in breast-fed infants.
The probiotic “Bifidobacteria” species are the resident organisms that produce acids that retard the colonization of certain foreign or harmful bacteria in the colon.
The European blueberry is a natural source of anthocyanidins and flavonoids, both of which are powerful antioxidants that help reduce oxidative stress on your eyes, it strengthens capillaries and improves vision, especially night vision. An antioxidant which increases the flexibility of cell walls by preventing oxidation damage, helping capillaries stretch without breaking or leaking and allows red blood cells to squeeze through tighter vessels. The result is better blood flow, especially to the capillary-rich retina of the eye.
May lower blood pressure and reverse poor blood supply. Believed to reduce the tendency to bruise easy by strengthening the capillaries. Effective against varicose veins and "spider" veins resulting from leakage of blood from capillaries.
Biotin As an essential part of important enzymes and is necessary for both maintenance and growth.
Keeps hair from turning gray and falling out, alleviates eczema and dermatitis, eases muscle pains. Water soluble. It functions as a coenzyme in bicarbonate-dependent carboxylation reactions. Biotin aids in the utilization of protein, folic acid, Pantothenic acid, and Vitamin B-12, promotes healthy hair.
Extensively used as a therapeutic agent for gastrointestinal disturbances. There is no evidence to indicate its use as an essential nutrient. It is a relatively nontoxic element and is found in low quantities in human tissues.
Bitter Orange Bitter orange is an evergreen tree originated from southeast Asia grows to 30 ft in height and has long, leathery, dark green leaves and scented white flowers with an orange fruit rich in the bioflavinoid hesperidin that is bitter and sour.
Used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat chest congestion and indigestion, stimulate gastrointestinal function and improve circulation and liver function. In traditional western medicine, It has been used to treat digestive and circulatory problems.
Commonly used for thousands of years to promote weight loss by enabling the body to accelerate the removal of fat stores. This process induces thermogenesis, the body's ability to burn fat.
Black cohosh Black Cohosh roots and rhizomes have powerful medicinal properties.
Black cohosh root works with the body to help prevent smooth muscle spasms and normalize the circulatory system. Black cohosh provides nutrients to help the body prevent stiff muscles. Tonic for female disorders; contains phyto-estrogen; used for childbirth and high blood pressure. The root is famous as a cofactor in estogen balance, reducing blood pressure and dilating peripheral blood vessels.
Also toward menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, anxiety and depression.
The oil, pressed from the seed, is rich in linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid (EFA).
It has been used extensively in Ayurvedic medicine to treat fevers, digestive disorders, urinary difficulties, rheumatism, neuralgia and boils.
Blackberry Blackberries contain five to six times higher levels of ellagic acid than other fruits; ellagic acid is a phenolic compound which scientists have proven contributes to significant inhibition of colon, esophageal, liver, lung, tongue, and skin cancers in s
Blackberries grow in wet areas across the United States and Europe. Several species of blackberry exist: Rubus fructicosus is the most common European species and Rubus canadensis is a common North American species. While the leaves are used most frequently for medicinal preparations, the root is sometimes used as well.
Believed to be one of the best weight reduction herb's available; the organic iodine important for maintaining a healthy thyroid and increasing thyroid activity, significantly reducing one major cause of obesity. With a large supply of nutrients, Bladderwrack could increase the body's ability to burn fat through exercise. Enhances the efficiency of cells to consume energy. Believed to protect the body from radiation, heart disease and toxic heavy metals. Helps lower blood cholesterol levels through it’s ability to bind bile acid and bile salts.
Blessed ThistleBlessed Thistle (Cnicus benedictus) is an herb used to treat a variety of female concerns including painful menstruation and associated aches and pains. Used as a hormonal regulator and aid in digestion and circulation. Containing B-complex, calcium, iron, manganese, cincin and essential oils, can be used to alleviate inflammation caused by poor digestion. Blessed Thistle improves circulation and purifies the blood increasing oxygen to the brain to stimulate memory.
Blue Cohosh Blue Cohosh a tall perennial flowering plant with large blue berry-like fruits used as a medicinal herb by American Indians.
Blue Green Algae Rich in minerals, vitamins, amino acids and enzymes that are readily absorbed by the body.
A fresh water algae that is rich in minerals, vitamins, amino acids and enzymes that are readily absorbed by the body. Very high in chlorophyll, it is a blood detoxifier and an antiseptic. It contains over 60% plant protein.
Blueberry Blueberries are rich in anthocyanins (blue pigment) and ellagic acid (anti-cancer properties), which research has shown may reduce buildup of LDL "the bad cholesterol" responsible for cardiovascular disease and strokes; reduces risk of urinary tract infe
Blueberries are delicious and contain more disease-fighting, age-proofing antioxidants than almost any other fruit or vegetable, even more then kale, broccoli, and oranges. Blueberries are at the top of the list of 40 fruits and vegetables tested for their antioxidant potential. The group of substances that put the "blue" in blueberry—anthocyanins—are responsible for much of the fruit's antioxidant power.
Boron The element Boron is an essential mineral. Boron plays a role in cell-membrane functions that influence response to hormone action, trans-membrane signaling and trans-membrane movement of regulatory ions (i.e. parathyroid secretes a hormone that contains boron). Boron acts as a metabolic regulator in several enzymatic systems (i.e. boron inhibit the activity of serine protease enzymes).
Healthy bones need a balanced amount of boron, and boron is needed for the metabolism or other minerals. It has been found that boron enhances brain function and learning function. Boron is essential for bone metabolism and calcification of bones and normal blood levels of hormones (i.e. estrogen, testosterone).
Boswellia Boswellia is an Ayurvedic herb that contains anti-inflammatory triterpenoids called Boswellic acid.
Boswellia is an Ayurvedic herb in helping the body combat a host of inflammatory conditions. The Sanskrit name is Salai Guggul.
Broccoli Broccoli is a vegetable plant of the Cabbage family, Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae), rich in vitamins A and C, folate, potassium, and particularly sulforaphane, a powerful cancer-fighting agent.
Broccoli is rich in anti-oxidants. Broccoli contains the phytowelltrients that become sulforaphane, which mobilizes the body’s natural cancer-fighting resources and is a powerful chemoprotective agent. Broccoli contains a high amount of beta-carotene and Broccoli is low in calories and virtually fat-free.
Bromelain Bromelain is a group of powerful sulfur-containing proteolytic enzymes obtained from the stem of the pineapple plant (Ananas comosus) and other plants.
Bromelain enhances the efficiency of protein digestion. Bromelain is useful for reducing muscle and tissue inflammation and as a digestive aid.
Bromelain can help break down fibrous substances within the body so that they can be metabolized normally. Bromelain benefit the joints by nutritionally helping the body to reduce swelling and inflammation.
Bromine has not been shown to perform any essential function in plants, microorganisms, or animals. It is unclear that the body actually requires it, chemical symbol Br, though we ingest around 1.5 - 2.5 mg per day.
Brussel Sprouts The Brussel Sprout is a cruciferous vegetable, a cultivar group from the cabbage family, rich in vitamin C and A.
The Brussels sprout is a cool season crop, closely related to cauliflower, broccoli, kale, collards, etc. Brussels sprouts are an excellent source of vitamin C and a good source of dietary fiber and vitamin A.
Burdock Burdock Root historically used to purify the blood and help clear up skin eruptions.
Butcher's Broom fell into disrepute until the 1950s, when a French scientist discovered two chemicals from the plant's underground stem that cause blood vessels to narrow and help reduce inflammation.
The root is aperient, deobstruent, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic and vasoconstrictor. Butcher's Broom has been taken internally in the past in the treatment of jaundice, gout, and kidney and bladder stones, at the present time it is used to treat venous insufficiency and hemorrhoids.
An anti-inflammatory that offers relief from and may prevent the onset of migraine headaches. Has been used to help asthma and bronchitis and for cough, urination and stomach problems. Contains naturally occuring constituents called pyrrolizidine alkaloids, Petasin is one active alkaloid claimed to have anti-inflammatory (anti-leukotriene) and anti-spasmodic activity.
Cabbage Cabbage when uncooked improves digestive health by cleaning the waste from the stomach and upper bowels, and reduces constipation; cabbage also prevents and soothes ulcers, relieves engorged (enlarged and tender) breasts, regulates blood sugar.
Raw cabbage improves digestive health by cleaning the waste from the stomach and upper bowels, and reduces constipation. Cabbage has been used to prevent ulcers, used to treat engorged (enlarged and tender) Breast, high blood sugar and hailed as a cancer inhibitor, particularly colon cancer, cabbage stimulates the immune system, kills harmful bacteria, soothes ulcers, and improves circulation.
The typical dietary intake of this element daily is 10-20 mcg.1 Cadmium (Cd), found in cigarette smoke, industrialization, and population growth has a long half life (10-30 yrs.) and high intakes can cause organ damage, especially kidney damage. If there is a deficiency of zinc in the diet, the body will compensate, storing cadmium.
Chemically, caffeine is a methylxanthine, a substance known for its metabolic enhancing attributes and fat burning potential. Numerous studies support the use of caffeine to promote fat oxidation and weight and fat loss in exercising individuals. Caffeine has also been shown to enhance both short-term and long-term endurance performance. It delays fatigue and increases speed. Studies have shown that caffeine can increase power generation in repeated muscle contractions and enhance endurance at sub maximal tension. That means more weight and more reps, which means more muscle gains. Caffeine works through several mechanisms in the body, including releasing more calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, thereby leading to greater muscle contraction and increased force production from each motor unit.
Calcium Calcium (Ca) is an essential alkaline nutrient element reuired by every cell in the body and is the most abundent mineral in the body.
Calcium is a mineral necessary for normal neuromuscular function including, heart muscle contractions, blood clotting, regulation of heartbeat, activation of certain enzymes, nerve transmission and bone structure. Calcium is known for building strong bones and teeth by keeping them from becoming weak and fragile, and by fighting off the accumulation of lead and cavity formation.
Calcium contributes to the formation of intracellular cement and cell membranes, and regulation of nervous excitability and muscular contraction.
About 90 percent of calcium is stored in bone, where it can be re-absorbed by blood and tissue.
Carbon functions as an essential structural atom for all organic molecules including stored, transported and functioning organic colloidal minerals.
Carnitine Carnitine is important in the efficient metabolism of fats and the acceleration of the oxidation of fat.
Carnitine's major role in fatty acid transfer (energy burning) across the mitochondria membrane of cells, and therefore, is a great weight control nutrient. Carnitine is important in mobilizing fatty tissue deposits and removal of ketones, which are a waste by-product of fat metabolism. Provides energy to muscles; believed to increase tolerance during aerobics and other physical activities. Carnitine is mandatory for the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria for beta oxidation. Ketogenesis in the liver and kidneys is dependent upon carnitine. A deficiency in carnitine can result in an inability to lose weight. Carnitine plays a key role in the mitochondral transport of acetyl Coenzyme A from inside the mitochondria to the cytoplasm.
Carnosine Carnosine is found in high concentrations in skeletal muscle tissue, heart muscle, nerve tissue and the brain. L-Carnosine is an anti-oxidant properties, neurotransmitter and a regulator of zinc and copper concentrations in in nerve cells.
L-Carnosine is a dipeptide composed of the amino acids beta-alanine and L-histidine. It occurs naturally in muscle, brain and other tissues in high concentrations. In vitro studies, L-carnosine reduced glycation, a process in which DNA and protein are damaged by glucose.
The end products of glycation are highly reactive molecules called advanced glycation end products (AGEs) which can further damage proteins, lipids and nucleic acids.
The accumulation of AGEs is associated with aging.
Carotenoid Carotenoids are naturally occurring organic pigments (absorb blue light) in plants.
The two classes of carotenoids are the oxegen based xanthophylls and the unoxidized (oxygen free) carotenes.
Over 600 carotenoids have been identified, although only 60 or so are found in food and around 20 in the modern diet. The xanthophylls carotenoids include lutein, zeaxanthin and more. The carotene carotenoids include alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lycopene and more.
Carrot Carrots are high in beta carotene, which is converted into usable Vitamin A, a welltrient that helps control and minimize free radical damage.
Vitamin A is derived from beta-carotene and carrots are the leading source of this substance in the American diet. Carotenoids are the group of plant pigments of which beta-carotene is a member, are named because they were first identified in carrots. A source of disease-fighting flavonoids, and carrots contain a specific type of fiber, called calcium pectate, which may lower blood cholesterol.
Cascara Sagrada An herb derived from the aged bark of Rhamnus purshiana. Native American Indians commonly used Cascara Sagrada to treat constipation and upset stomachs.
Tonic, cathartic; increases secrections of the liver, stomach, pancreas and bowels; toning laxative used for chronic constipation, gout and liver problems.
The plant extract is a lipase inhibitor. A lipase inhibitor impairs the enzyme responsible for the breakdown of fat, by blocking its function. Fat molecules then remain undigested and unabsorbed as they move through the gastrointestinal tract. Then the caloric content can not be released into the bloodstream.
a vine that grows in the rainforests of Peru where it is used to treat cancer, diabetes, ulcers, arthritis, and infections, as well as to assist in the recovery from childbirth. It is also used as a contraceptive. The active substances in Cat's Claw are known to have anti-tumor, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties. Some of the alkaloids have been proven to boost the immune system.
Catalase Catalase is a long chain iron bond (heme) enzyme, whose functions include catalyzing the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen. It is highly concentrated in the liver and used by every organ in the body and found in the cellular organelle.
An Enzyme protein complex with hematin groups and catalyzes the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. Catalase has a secondary role oxidising toxins. Catalase is one of the most potent antioxidant enzymes active in a pH range of 4-9.
Cayenne Cayenne (Capsicum annuum) is a tropic herb used as a respiratory stimulant by increasing blood flow; promotes sweating which aids in the lowering of body temperature; aids in digestion because it increases production of saliva and gastric juices.
Cayenne (Capsicum annuum) acts as a carminative, an antiseptic, an antibiotic, and as a stimulant to nerves. Cayenne Contains five kinds of the active ingredient capsaicins. Capsaicin blocks substance P, a neuropeptide produced by the nerves that carry pain sensation. Also provides nutrition helpful for proper tissue repair by ensuring that nutrients are delivered to inflamed and infected areas. This activity makes capsaicin an effective, long-lasting anesthetic.
Celery is a good source of potassium, dietary fiber, Vitamin A, C and Folic acid. Celery contains polyacetylenes, a compound that destroys benzopyrene, a known cancer causing agent.
Cellulase Cellulase is an enzyme are found in plants, but is not produced in the human body.
Breaks down cellulose (fiber considered a carbohydrate) into glucose (single sugar) in a pH range of 3-7. Cellulase only digest soluble fibers, such as cellulose. Cellulose is the chief constituent of the cell walls of plants.
A member of the daisy family and native to western Asia and Europe. It was used by early Egyptian physicians for fevers, and by ancient Greeks, Romans, and Indians for headaches and disorders of the kidneys, liver, and bladder. Today, it is used to relax nerves, aid digestion, relieve headaches and help treat allergies. A popular remedy in Europe for gas and stomach cramps, to treat colic and to induce sleep.
Possible Benefits and Uses:
Insures restful sleep and is effective against insomnia
Helps relieve diarrhea
Relieves indigestion and heartburn
May prevent gingivitis
Chasteberry Native to the Mediterranean and western Asia, Vitex acts on the hypothalamus and pituitary glands by increasing luteinizing hormone (LH) production and mildly inhibiting the release of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH).
Vitex by increasing (LH) production and mildly inhibiting (FSH) results in an indirect shift that increases the ratio of progesterone to estrogen.
Research has shown that cherries can help the body prevent heart disease and cancer, as well as block inflammatory enzymes to provide pain relief of gout, arthritis, fibromyalgia, and improved bone health.
A fiber composed of chittin, which is a component of the shell of shellfish. Scientists in Norway have processed chittin to provide a magnetic binding compound within the digestive tract. This in turn helps the body to synthesize fat.
An algae with a rich source of vegetable protein and essential vitamins and minerals.
Chloride An essential mineral occurring in the body mainly in compound form with sodium or potassium. Chloride (as chlorine) is a major mineral nutrient that occurs in body fluids.
Chloride accounts for approximately 0.15 percent of our total body weight, which is 450 - 600mg of chloride per 100 ml of blood. The highest concentrations of chloride in the body are found in the erythrocytes with lesser amounts being found in the skin, reproductive organs, and gastric mucosa. It is found mostly in extracellular fluids, especially gastrointestinal secretions and cerebrospinal fluids.
Choline Choline aids in nerve transmission and utilization of fat and hormone production and in controlling fat & cholesterol buildup in the body.
Helps control cholesterol, transferring nerve impulse to the brain, helps against memory loss and senile dementia, aids the liver in eliminating toxins, poisons and drugs from the bloodstream. Helps maintain normal kidney and bladder function. prevents fat from accumulating in the liver; facilitates the movement of fats in the cells; helps regulate the kidneys, liver & gallbladder; important for nerve transmission; helps improve memory. Choline may help in cirrhosis and fatty degeneration of the liver, hardening of the arteries, heart problems, high blood pressure, hemorrhaging kidneys.
Chondroitin sulfate Chondroitin sulfate, major component of cartilage is part of a large protein molecule called, proteoglycan composed of repeated units of glucosamine sulfate, that gives cartilage elasticity.
Chondroitin sulphate attracts water into the cartilage matrix and stimulates the production of cartilage, it has the ability to prevent enzymes from dissolving cartilage.
Chromium Chromium is an essential nutrient in bringing balance to the body.
Chromium works with insulin in the metabolism of sugar and stabilizes blood sugar levels; cleans the arteries by reducing Cholesterol & Triglyceride levels; helps transport amino acids to where the body needs them; helps control the appetite; medical research has shown that persons with low levels of Chromium in their bodies are more susceptible to having cancer and heart problems and becoming diabetic. Chromium is essential for normal sugar and fat metabolism. Chromium functions primarily by potentiating the action of insulin. This mineral occurs throughout the body with highest concentrations in the liver, kidney, spleen and bone. Deficiencies in Cr may result in ADD, ADHD, anxiety, cholesterol plaque, coronary blood vessel disease, depression, bipolar, diabetes, elevated blood cholesterol, elevated blood triglycerides, fatigue, hyperactivity, low blood sugar, infertility, decreased sperm count, learning disabilities, peripheral neuropathy, retarded growth.
Lowers blood pressure, prevents sugar cravings and sudden drops in energy. A key trace mineral used in carbohydrate metabolism and plays a role in energy release. As a component of a natural substance called glucose tolerance factor, chromium works with insulin to regulate the body's use of sugar and is essential to fatty-acid metabolism. Its' contribution to metabolism makes chromium a helpful supplement in weight loss programs. Additional evidence suggests that chromium may help deter atherosclerosis and reduce risk of cardiovascular disease.
Cinnamon Cinnamon commonly refered to the dried brown bark of the cinnamon tree, often rolled into tubes called quills.
Promotes energy, stimulates the immune system and detoxifies ammonia, which damages all living cells. This amino acid also helps keep the liver functioning properly. Supports the body in optimizing blood flow through its conversion to L-arginine and then nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is involved in vasodilatation and low levels are associated with mental and physical fatigue and sexual dysfunction.
Natural Order, Aurantiaceae. The lemon is botanically in the same genus with the orange; and is so closely allied to it in every thing but the shape, color, and flavor of its fruit, that many botanists consider this plant to be merely a variety of the other. The description of citrus aurantium will therefore answer for the lemon.
An isomer of Linoleic acid (means is that CLA has a slight rearrangement of its molecular structure) resulting in a fatty acid with altered chemical functions. It has an action similar to that of omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil.
Co Enzyme Q 10 Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone, CoQ10) is vitamin-like substance, an important antioxidant in both mitochondria and lipid membranes in all cells, and responsible for the production of the body’s own energy. In each cell food energy is converted into energy for our body in the mitochondria with the aid of CoQ10 . Almost all our body’s energy requirements (ATP) is converted with the aid of CoQ10 .
Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone, CoQ10) is a fat-soluble vitamin-like substance present in every cell of the body and it serves as a coenzyme for several of the key enzymatic steps in the production of energy inside the cell. In healthy individuals normal CoQ10 levels are maintained both by CoQ10 intake and by the body's synthesis of CoQ10. CoenzymeQ10 has no known toxicity or side effects.
Cobalt A trace element necessary for the activity and function of Cobalamin (Vit B12).
Vital to the nervous system, helps prevent demyelination (destruction of the outer covering of the nerves, or the myelin sheath) which can cause faulty nerve transmission, beneficial in fighting pernicious anemia, combines with intrinsic factor in the stomach in order to be absorbed by the bloodstream (without intrinsic factor cobalt cannot be assimilated into the bloodstream and is then eliminated from the body, unused), used to treat hepatitis because of it's action in protein synthesis, helps to fight bronchial asthma, essential for healthy skin, building hemoglobin, aids in enzyme activation, may substitute for manganese in activating some enzymes.
Coleus forskohlii Coleus
Historically used to treat heart, high blood pressure and lung diseases, intestinal spasms, insomnia, and convulsions. Coleus forskohlii acts to stimulate the thyroid to release thyroid hormones and is therefore beneficial in the treatment of hypothyroidism
Called "nature's first food" because female mammals produce it just before they give birth. The yellow fluid is excreted in the milk for approximately three days following birth. After this, it is no longer produced in the mammal.
It supplies immune and growth factors and a perfect combination of vitamins and minerals to the newborn. It helps support the immune system and provides growth factors to stimulate growth of muscle, skin, cartilage, nerve and bone tissue.
Copper Copper is an essential nutrient found primarily in the bloodstream, as a co-factor in various enzymes, and in copper-based body pigments. Copper is involved in the formation of all connective tissue, hemoglobin and nervous system functions.
Copper in the bloodstream is found on a plasma protein called ceruloplasmin. When copper is first absorbed in the gut it is transported to the liver bound to albumin. Copper is found in a variety of enzymes, including the copper centers of cytochrome c oxidase and the enzyme superoxide dismutase (containing copper and zinc). Copper is used for biological electron transport, the blue copper proteins that participate in electron transport include azurin and plastocyanin. The name "blue copper" comes from their intense blue color (about 600 nm) arising from a ligand-to-metal charge transfer (LMCT) absorption band.
Zinc and copper compete for absorption in the digestive tract so a dietary 10:1 balance must be maintained to prevent a deficiency.
A copper deficiency may produce an anemia-like symptoms because of its role in facilitating iron uptake.
Coral is a complex of minerals derived from the secretions of ocean dwelling small sea anemone-like polyps rich in cacium and a bevy of important trace minerals.
Cordyceps mushroom Cordyceps sinensis is an Adaptogenic fungus which grows naturally on the backs of caterpillars in China, Nepal and Tibet.
Commonly used for impotence and fertility, Cordyceps sinensis greatly improves immune system function and strengthens the body's resistance to bacteria and viruses. It has further been used in China as a tonic for the lungs and kidneys to relieve excessive fatigue, anemia, and depression.
Coriolus Coriolus versicolor (AKA turkey tail) belongs to the family Polyporaceae, are shelf fungus with woody fruiting bodies. Coriolus polysaccharides are the immuno-modulating properties of the 1-4, 1-3 proteoglycans extracted from the cell walls of Coriolus versicolor.
Couch Grass Couch Grass Root is considered a diuretic demulcent (soothes inflammations of mucosal linings). Much used in cystitis and the treatment of catarrhal diseases of the bladder.
The parts of the Couch grass used medicinally are the rhizome, root, and seeds. The plant is a native of Europe, Asia and North America. The genus name is derived from "agros", meaning "field", and "puros", meaning "wheat". Couch Grass Root is recommended as a support treatment for gout. Couch Grass Root may be used effectively in urinary infections such as cystitis, urethritis and prostatitis. Its demulcent properties help soothe irritation and inflammation. Couch Grass is useful in the treatment of enlarged prostate glands. Couch Grass Root may be used in cases of kidney stones and gravel. As a tonic diuretic, Couch Grass Root has been used with other herbs in the treatment of rheumatism.
Numerous studies, including one published in the
prestigious New England Journal of Medicine, have
proven that cranberry helps reduce the adhesion of
certain E. coli bacteria to the urinary tract and
bladder walls, thus preventing urinary tract
In July 2004 The French food authority approved the
world's first health claim for cranberries, based on
prestigious New England Journal of Medicine research,
which proved that cranberry helps reduce the adhesion
of certain E. Coli bacteria to the urinary tract and
bladder walls, thus preventing urinary tract
Cranberries are naturally rich in phenols and
proanthocyanidins, and is the single strongest
protection to halt urinary tract infections.
An amino acid, like the building blocks that make up proteins and is made in the body by the liver and kidneys, and in the diet comes from meat and animal products. In the form of phosphocreatine (creatine phosphate) is an important store of energy in muscle cells.
Crotonis Oleum is the oil prepared from the seeds of the tree native to India and the Malay Islands. A brownish or pale-yellow , foul-smelling oil obtained from the seeds of a tropical Asian shrub or small tree (Croton tiglium) and formerly used as a drastic purgative and counterirritant. Its use was discontinued because of its toxicity.
Cysteine Cysteine a conditionally essential sulfur bearing amino acid, derived by the combination of methionine and pyridoxal 5 phosphate (vitamin B6). Acetylcysteine is the N-acetyl derivative of L-cysteine, and the precursor form to glutathione.
N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) is a derivative of L-cysteine wherein an acetyl group is attached to the nitrogen atom, and the precursor form to glutathione.
Cystine Cystine is an oxidized dimeric, absorbable form of cysteine, formed by linking two cysteine residues via a disulfide bond.
Cystine functions as an antioxidant and is a powerful aid to the body in protecting against radiation and pollution. It can help slow down the aging process, deactivate free radicals, neutralize toxins; aids in protein synthesis and presents cellular change. Cystine is necessary for the formation of the skin, which aids in the recovery from burns and surgical operations. Hair and skin are made up 10-14% Cystine.
Promotes a faster recovery from surgery/injury, and increases white cell activity in the immune system increasing resistance to disease. May help with respiratory problems such as bronchitis.
Damiana Damiana is a shrub native to Central and South America, Mexico and the desert southwest of the United States.
Damiana is a good nerve tonic which also has a restorative property. Damiana can have a good calming effect and in cases of mild depression and anxiety. Damiana is well known for its aphrodisiac properties.
Thought to be a useful agent relieving the body of excess water. Rich in vitamins; contains Choline, vitamins A and C and linolenic acid. Calms nerves and reduces excess restlessness. May promote a healthy liver and bloodstream and convert cholesterol to bile salts. Improves function of many organs(i.e. pancreas & kidneys). Aids against cancer; known to protect against breast cancer.
Its diuretic actions are comparable to the prescription drug furosemide (Lasix), but unlike some diuretics, it replaces potassium that would be lost through urination rather than depleting potassium. Dandelion root helps to normalize kidney function and electrolyte balance.
Devil's Claw Root Devil's claw a desert herb Native to southern Africa, named for the miniature hooks that cover its fruit. The active ingredients in the root of Devil's claw include an iridoid glycosides (Harpagoside), a substance with anti-inflammatory effects.
The Devil's claw active ingredients in the root of Devil's claw include an iridoid glycosides (Harpagoside) and harpagide, substances that inhibit leukotriene biosynthesis (an anti-inflammatory effect).
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) is an omega-3, long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid derivaitive and is a primary building block of the human brain tissue and eye tissue. The human brain is about 60% fat, and DHA is one of the functional structural fatty acids in the brain and the retina. Approximately 30% of the structural lipid in the gray matter of the brain is DHA. DHA is required for the proper functioning of the neural systems. DHA is vital for normal brain development of the fetus and infant and for the maintenance of normal brain function throughout life.
It is the most abundant hormone produced by the adrenal glands, it occurs naturally in the blood of young people. The body converts it to testosterone and estrogen. Levels have been shown to peak in both men and women between the ages of 20 and 30 years, but decrease progressively (about 10% every 10 years) hereafter. This means that those in their 80's produce only 10 - 20% as much as they did in their 20's.
This decline signals age-related diseases. DHEA is effective at improving and preventing many age related diseases.
Dimethylglycine Dimethylglycine is a non-protein amino acid naturally found in both animal and plant cells. Dimethylglycine is produced in cells as an intermediate in the metabolism of choline to glycine.
See Also Vitamin B-15
DMG is a derivative of the amino acid glycine and naturally occurs in the cells of all plants and animals in small amounts. It is chemically similar to the B vitamin family in structure but is not classified as a vitamin. It has been used as a nutritional supplement for over 25 years for various areas of nutritional support. It is a water soluble nutrient and has an excellent safety profile.*
DMAE DMAE has shown positive results in the treatment of a variety of cognitive and disruptive disorders, including attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and memory lapses.
An amino alcohol that is found in minute quantities in the brain. It is a building block to choline, which is needed for the brain to produce the neurotransmitter acetylcholine involved in nerve signal transmissions and healthy brain function.
Don Quai Dong Quai an herb indigenous to China contains Vitamin B12, coumarins, ferulate, phytosterols, polysaccharides and flavonoids.
Dong Quai Root aids the body in the efficient use of hormones. Dong Quai is used as treatment for some menopause symptoms. Dong Quai extract has been shown to have a muscle relaxant effect and has been used as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent. Scientists believe that one mechanism of action of Dong Quai is to promote natural progesterone synthesis.
A Rare Earth, is found in igneous rocks at 3 ppm; in shale at 4 to 6 ppm; sandstone at 7.2 ppm and limestone at 0.9 ppm.
First used by the American Indians to treat venomous bites and external wounds. It was introduced into US medical practice in the late 1800s and used effectively in the treatment of conditions ranging from the common cold to syphilis. Echinacea acts as a natural antibiotic and works like penicillin in the body without any side effects.
Eleutherococus senticosus Eleuthero is a small a deciduous shrub native to Northeastern Asia with Adaptogenic, anticholesteremic, and some anti-inflammatory properties.
Eleuthero root has active constituents that contain steroid-like compounds (eleutherosides) that counteract the alarm state of stress response.
Enterococcus faecium Enterococcus is a common bacteria normally found in the bowel of healthy people.
Enterococci are not aggressive bacteria and do not cause any illness in healthy people. Two types of enterococci -- Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium --occasionally cause a urinary tract infection.
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) usually derived from fish oils, are highly bioavailable forms of omega-3 for humans.
A Rare Earth found in igneous rock at 2.8 ppm, shale at 1.9 ppm; sandstone at 1 ppm; limestone at 0.36 ppm; land plants up to 46 ppm in Carya spp.; marine animals at 0.02 to 0.04 ppm and land animals primarily in bone.
Essential fatty acid (EFA) Essential fatty acids, or EFAs, are the fatty acids that cannot be constructed in our body by any chemical pathways; and therefore must be obtained from the diet. EFA refers only to those fats involved in biological processes, and not the fatty acids use as caloric nutrients. These fatty acids cannot be synthesized in the body because we lack the desaturase enzyme.
The EFA family includes the essential; the Omega-3 and Omega-6 essential fatty acids (EFAs) and the quasi-essential Omega-9.
It has extended the life of laboratory species over their normal expected lifespan by 100 percent. Europium is found in higher concentration in breast milk from women in third world countries than in American women.
Evening Primrose Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA), an essential fatty acid, is the active ingredient in evening primrose oil, is a precursor of prostaglandins, a shortage of which may cause the mood changes and cramping experienced by many women suffering from PMS.
A small yellow wildflower used medicinally for centuries. The seed oil, pressed from the seed, is rich source of GLA, derived from linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid from the omega 6 family.
Fennel Fennel Seed is carminative and stomachic, it eases stomach discomfort and dispels gas.
Fennel Seed rich in flavonoids that cause estrogenic effects. This boosting of secretion is key to the formation of new breast cells and tissue, and the boosting of excretion is key to the cleansing of the estrogen receptor sites which get clouded with environmental toxins that mimic estrogen. By acting to remove these and other toxins from the body, Fennel acts as a tonic and stimulant as well.
Fenugreek Fenugreek is one of the oldest cultivated medicinal plants found worldwide. The leaves and seeds of the Fenugreek plant have various benefits. Fenugreek has the ability to aid the digestive process and regulates blood sugar levels. Fenugreek lowers cholesterol, is some laxative action and soothes irritated skin.
A hormone regulator that that has been used to treat menopausal symptoms and balances the female system. The seed is a popular supplement for minimizing symptoms of menopause, relieves constipation, controls diabetes, reduces cholesterol, soothes sore throat pain and coughs, eases minor indigestion and relieves diarrhea.
FeverfewFeverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) is a short perennial member of the sunflower family, native to southeastern Europe that has citrus-scented leaves and daisy-like yellow flowers. The active ingredients in the leaves of feverfew include parthenolide and tanetin.
The active ingredients in the leaves of Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) include parthenolide and tanetin that are beleived to inhibit the release of serotonin and prostaglandins.
Flax Flax Seed contains a high quantity of the enzyme Lipase compared to most food sources.
Flaxseed is a bowel lubricant and a bulk maker in the process of elimination. Flax Seed is helpful in healing the body by enriching the blood and strengthening the nerves.
Flax Seed Oil is a rich source of alpha linolenic acid an essential omega-3 fatty acid, and contains other fatty acids necessary for correct metabolic function and optimal health. Flax seed oil increases the effectiveness of the B-complex vitamins, and in the early stages of life is important in the formation of the brain and prevention of mental retardation. Promotes positive changes in blood chemistry such as: reducing serum triglyceride levels, reducing levels of low density lipoproteins (LDL's), and increases levels of high density lipoproteins (HDL's). These are all positive effects toward reducing the possibility of heart disease. It may provide a potential for dietary control of auto-immune disorders such as allergies and rheumatic arthritis. Flax Seed contains a high quantity of the enzyme Lipase. Flax seed is a bowel lubricant and a bulk maker in the process of elimination. Helpful in healing the body by enriching the blood and strengthening the nerves.
Fluoride The element Fluorine as Fluoride in extremely trace amounts may be important for the maintenance of healthy teeth.
Fluoride is a mineral occurring naturally in soil, water, plants, and animals in trace quantities. Trace amounts of Fluoride is found as a component of bone. In water, fluoride is in the form of calcium fluoride (CaF2) called Fluorite. Fluoride occurs naturally in tea leaves and vegetables such as endives and curly kale when present in the soil.
Folic Acid Folic acid AKA folate (the anion form) are forms of the water-soluble Vitamin B9, which helps convert vitamin B12 to a coenzyme form, helps synthesize nucleic acids (DNA & RNA) essential for the growth and reproduction of all body cells, essential to the formation of red blood cells by its action on the bone marrow, and aids in amino acid metabolism.
Folic acid is needed by adults and children to make normal red blood cells and prevent anemia!
FOS FOS is a group of naturally occurring carbohydrates that are indigestible by humans, but serve as food for "friendly" flora, helping to increase their numbers of probiotics in the body
The term Oligosaccharide refers to a short chain of sugar molecules ('oligo' means 'few' and 'saccharide' means 'sugar.')
It is related to malic acid and can be made from malic acid, it is involved in the production of energy (in the form of adenosine triphosphate [ATP]) from food.
GABA An amino acid that functions as a neurotransmitter in the brain.
GABA is synthesized in the brain from glutamate and glucose, and functions as an inhibitory neurotransmitter (it blocks nerve impulses). GABA is concentrated in the hypothalamus region of the brain and is known to play a role in the overall functioning of the pituitary gland (where HGH is secreted) - which regulates growth hormone synthesis, sleep cycles, and body temperature.
A Rare Earth, is found in igneous rocks at 5.4 ppm; shales at 4.3 ppm; sandstones at 2.6 ppm; limestones at 0.7 ppm; land plants at up to 70 ppm by Carya spp.; marine animals at 0.06 ppm; land animals accumulate gadolium in bond and liver very quickly after absorption.
Gallium was claimed to be essential in 1938 and again in 1958. Gallium has specific areas of metalloenzymes activity in the human brain and has been reported to specifically reduce the rate of brain cancer in laboratory animals.
Garcinia has the ability to inhibit an enzyme responsible for the conversion of carbohydrates into fat. HCA can influence weight loss by helping humans to eat less and potentially modifying their metabolism, so that they don't convert carbohydrates to fat at a normal rate.
Garlic Garlic has a plethora of uses, including: a natural topical antibiotic for skin infections, and internal antibiotic for the treatment of asthma, candida, colds, parasites; strengthens the immune system; lowered cholesterol and blood pressure in resear
An effective antibiotic when it contacts the tissue directly. Garlic has also been suggested as a treatment for asthma, candida, colds, and diabetes. have been used for thousands of years to treat a large number of conditions, including poor digestions, parasites, respiratory problems and low energy. The medicinal use of garlic has been recorded in ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, Japan, China, Russia, India, and Europe. Known as a natural antibiotic, it was used during both world wars to disinfect wounds. This powerful anti-oxidant is believed to help lower cholesterol and has been found to inhibit tumor cell formation. It is currently being studied by the National Cancer Institute.
Germanium Germanium is necessary for the optimum nutrition of the human body because it assists in carrying oxygen to the cells.
Adequate amounts of germanium are required for proper cellular oxygenation. Germanium is helpful in improving the immune system as well as ridding the body of various toxins and poisons. Much like hemoglobin, Germanium assists in carrying oxygen to the cells.
Ginger Ginger is a circulatory stimulant, relaxes peripheral blood vessels, promotes sweating, eases cold symptoms, stimulates the flow of saliva, soothes a sore throat, and is an expectorant and antiseptic.
Believed to help increase the availability of dietary nutrients for digestion and metabolism and to facilitate the utilization of available energy resources. Appears to relieve indigestion and abdominal cramping by soothing and cleansing the gastrointestinal tract, making it anti-spasmodic. Used against nausea and other related symptoms of sickness. Contains substances similar to digestive enzymes that break down proteins and counterbalances the discomfort associated with colon reflex activity. Ginger helps restore and normalize the tone and reflex of the gastrointestinal tracts.
Ginkgo Biloba Ginkgo biloba one of the oldest living tree species works with two groups of active substances; the terpene lactones and the flavonoids including ginkgolides A, B, and C, bilobalide, quercetin and kaempferol.
Leaves used traditionally in cardiac and vascular support, related actions in part do to the antioxidant and "vitamin P" activity in the flavonoid contents of quercetin, proanthocyanidins, isorhamnetin and luteolin, from the turpenes ginkgolide and bilobalide. May inhibit water retention, enhance cellular energies, help oxygenate the blood, prevent clotting, and improve brain functions, memory retention and boosts neurotransmission. May help with depression and asthma. Improves cerebral and peripheral circulation by reducing blood viscosity, oxygenation and blood flow. Aids in glucose utilization utilization where adequate concentrations of glucose fuels the brain with energy. The breakdown of glucose increases energy and the burning of fat. A proven free radical scavenger and antioxidant and improves overall blood circulation. May be effective in impotency due to arterial insufficiency.
There are American, Korean and Chinese ginsengs. A Chinese text dating from the First Century A.D. describes ginseng as “enlightening to the mind and increasing the wisdom.” Russian folklore promotes ginseng as a stimulant and immunity booster. Today, Ginseng is believed to enhance physical and mental endurance, increase energy, reduce cholesterol, support adrenal function, reduce stress, and regulate blood sugar.
Glucosamine Glucosamine is an amino sugar that is an important precursor for glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), which are major components of joint cartilage. GAGs are long chain carbohydrates in each of our cells that help build bone, cartilage, corneas and skin.
Glucosamine as a dietary supplement contains nutritional factors readily absorbed by the body in the gastrointestinal tract and used to produce what is needed by abused and over worked joints. Aids in the production of cartilage replacement components and in the resupply of joint fluids, may also as a nutritional supplement relieve pain, swelling and tension.
Glutamic Acid Glutamic Acid (Glutamate) is a non essential amino acid, a precursor to Glutamine and GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid) and a key molecule in cellular metabolism serving as a metabolic fuel for other functional roles in the body.
Glutamic Acid (Glutamate) helps speed the healing of ulcers; gives a "lift" from fatigue; helps control the craving for sugar.
Glutamic Acid is a component of GTF and is required for the production of other nonessential amino acids and folic acid. Assists in the metabolization of sugars and fats. L-Glutamic Acid is abundant in the brain as a neurotransmitter sending messages from one brain cell to the next. Glutamic Acid increases firing of neurons in the nervous system. Helps correct personality disorders. The brain converts L-Glutamic Acid to a compound that regulates brain activity. A deficiency in L-Glutamic Acid can result in brain damage. L-Glutamine nourishes the brain and is important for the prevention of depression, impotence and fatigue. L-Glutamic Acid is abundant in the brain as a neurotransmitter sending messages from one brain cell to the next.
Glutamine Glutamine may help to maintain muscle, boost the immune system, support gastrointestinal health, and sustain healthy growth hormone levels.
Of the 20+ amino acids needed for protein synthesis, glutamine is the most abundant, making up 50% of all amino acids in the blood and 60% of those in the body. It is found in high concentrations in skeletal muscle, lung, liver, brain, and stomach tissue.
Glutamine is important in the fight against fatigue, schizophrenia, mental disabilities, and is a precursor to a healthy digestive tract. Converted to glutamic acid in the brain and is important for cerebral function. Dr. Richard Passwater, in his paper titled "14 doctors confirm L-Glutamine Improves I.Q"., stated that L-Glutamine effects brain cell activity and is one two types of fuel necessary to nourish the brain.
Glutathione (GSH) Glutathione is a tri-peptide amino acid that helps eliminate the formation of free radicals.
Glutathione aids the liver in detoxification, may helps slow the aging process, and may also aid the cardiovascular and immune systems in preventing and treating other health conditions like cancer and heart disease. Glutathione as an antioxidant that neutralizes peroxides and free radicals which help defend your lens, macula and other eye tissues from free radicals.
Glycine Glycine is a non essential amino acid.
Glycine can be obtained from protein food or synthesized in your nervous system from the amino acid threonine or in your body from serine. Helps trigger the release of oxygen to the energy requiring cell-making process; Important in the manufacturing of hormones responsible for a strong immune system. Glycine corrects hyperacidity, aids in the construction of RNA and DNA, and helps stabilize heart arrhythmia and muscle tissue after heavy exercise.
Glyconutrient Glyconutrients refers to any nutrient that contains a sugar chain.
Glycoproteins, glycolipids, proteoglycans, polysaccharide as well as individual nutrients names such as glucosamine, aloe vera, arabinogalactans, glycoconjugates, mannose, etc. all are representative of Glyconutrients.
Goldenseal acts as a tonic to the mucous membranes throughout the body, resolving inflammation and clearing phlegm. Research has shown its ability to lower blood pressure and that it possesses powerful antibacterial and antiviral properties, making it applicable to a wide range of infections.
Historically, in India this herb's leaves were reported as having remarkable rejuvenating properties similar to Fo-Ti-Tieng and Ginseng, mental energizing effects and reducing fatigue and depression. May stimulate the immune system, accelerate wound healing, help control psoriasis and improve circulation.
Grapefruit is a large sour fruit that comes from an evergreen tree that may be a cross between a sweet orange and a pomelo or shaddock (Citrus grandis).
Grapes Grapes contains the most powerful antioxidants, they are stronger than vitamin C and E, protects against heart disease, is anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, sharpens mental alertness, and is one of the only antioxidants able to cross the blood-brain
The extract is rich in polyphenols, a beneficial compound shown as being high in antioxidants that helps to improve circulation.
OPC may improve blood circulation and to have protective properties against heart disease. Experimental data suggest that grape seed has anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic properties and prevents the formation of plaque in the arteries.
Green Tea (Camellia sinensis)Camellia sinensis includes many biological benefits associated with green tea catechins, especially epigallocatechin gallate, are generally attributed to antioxidant activity.
Camellia sinensis (Green Tea) increases resting energy expenditure by 4% which in turn burns more calories. Green tea extract contains catechin polyphenols. These compounds work with the other chemicals to upgrade levels of fat oxidation and thermogenisis, where the body burns fat to create heat.
5 HTP - May increase or balance seratonin levels thus regulating mood, sleep patterns, and pain control
A good source of fiber, lowers cholesterol levels, known to slow glucose absorption.
Guar gum is the ground endosperm of Cyanopsis tetragonoloba, a plant from Pakistan. Guar gum is commonly used as a bulk laxative and appetite suppressant. Guar gum is similar in character to the mucilage of psyllium. Guar gum has been shown to lower cholesterol and regulate blood sugar.
The seed kernel of the tropical plant, Paullinia Cupana var. Sorbilis. Guaran extract is an extract of this seed.
In Ayurvedic medicine, it is used for a wide variety of conditions, including rheumatism and obesity. One of its primary indications was a condition known as medoroga. Similar to the modern description of atherosclerosis.
Gymnema Sylvestre Gymnema is a woody rain forest vine found in Central and Southern India, the leaf contains a peptide that selectively suppress and interferes with the bodys neural responses to sweet taste stimuli.
Hafnium This Is Not A Welltrient!
Found in igneous rocks at 3 ppm; shale at 2.8 ppm; sandstone at 3.4 ppm; limestone at 0.3 ppm; sea water at 0.000008 ppm; soil at 3.0 ppm; marine plants at 0.4 ppm; land plants at 0.01 ppm; land animals at 0.04 ppm.
Hawthorne Crataegus laevigata and other related Crataegus species, collectively known as hawthorn, have long been used as a folk medicine for their neuro- and cardiosedative actions which mainly have been attributed to the flavonoids, polyphenolic contents and the other active compounds vitexin, rutin and hyperoside.
Hemicellulase Hemicellulase is an enzyme that breaks down pectin, a non-cellulose polysaccharide commonly found in seeds, beans, fruits and vegetables. Hemicellulase breaks down these complex sugars into simple sugars in a pH range of 2-6.
The purpose of this enzyme is to increase the solubility of the fiber to increase its ability to bind water and toxins.
HistidineHistidine is a natural amino acids that is a precursor to histamine and present in proteins, and is essential amino acid in children and important for adults.
Found in high concentrations in hemoglobin; has been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, allergic diseases, ulcers & anemia.
Found effective when used in the treatment of allergic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis and ulcers. May help un-block nasal passages, resolve redness and swelling. Histidine creates a balancing action that may prevent some allergies. Amino acids stimulate the immune system, helping to better fight off viruses and infection.
A Rare Earth, found in igneous rocks at 1.2 ppm; in shale at 0.6 ppm; sandstone at 0.51 ppm; limestone at 0.17 ppm; land plants at 16 ppm in Carya spp.; marine animals at 0.005 to 0.01 ppm; and land animals at 0.5 ppm in bone.
Hoodia Hoodia is a succulent (cactus like) plant found in desert regions of South Africa (Namibia, Angola and Botswana).
Hops Hops is useful as a sleep inducer, has antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory, estrogen-like properties, and potential anti-tumor activity. Furthermore, compounds in hops may reduce insulin resistance.
Long known for its remarkable sedating powers, hops has long been used by insomniacs and those who suffer from anxiety.
A member of the mint family, it is rich with vitamin A, C, E, and B-complex., Horehound has also been used for whooping cough, asthma, tuberculosis, respiratory infections, lung inflammation, diarrhea, jaundice, painful menstruation, constipation, sores, and wounds.
Horny Goat Weed
A species of epimedium, a leafy plant which grows in the wild, usually at higher altitudes, horny goat weed has been said to improve erectile dysfunction in men and libido in both sexes.
Horsechestnut Horsechestnut is used to strengthen and tone the circulatory system, particularly the venous system.
Horseradish Horseradish Root is considered a very strong diuretic and diaphoretic that promotes urine flow and heavy sweating, as well as the general removal of fluids and toxins from the body.
The removal of excess fluids is beneficial in helping lymphatic congestion, pericarditis and general edema (the accumulation of fluid in tissues that produces swelling) and also helps to flush impurities and small stones from the kidneys and bladder, including uric acid, which relieves the discomforts of gout, arthritis and rheumatism. Increased urine flow, along with the Horseradish's antibacterial qualities, works to alleviate urinary and bladder infections.
Horsetail Horsetail herb is esteemed for its trace mineral profile and is an excellent herbal source of bioavailable silicon, calcium, magnesium, chromium, iron, manganese and potassium-all necessary for healthy joints and adjoining tissues.
Horsetail herb is known to possess blood clotting and antibiotic properties, which contribute to the healing process.
For centuries, Eastern civilizations have relied on Huperzine as a broadly useful herbal health aid. It was only recently discovered however, that this rare moss has the ability to prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine - a chemical in the brain that plays a substantial role in cognitive clarity and memory function.
Hydrogen functions as a major constituent of water and all organic molecules. The regulation of the acid-base balance in the human body is in fact the regulation of the hydrogen ion (H+) levels of cellular and extracellular fluids. Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) is controlled by the body by means of dilution, buffering, respiratory control of volatile hydrogen ion concentrations and control of non-volatile hydrogen ions. Buffer systems react to hydrogen ion concentrations in fractions of seconds, respiratory controls react in minutes and the kidneys may require as an hour to several days to respond.
Yukawa et al. consistently found indium in human tissues at concentrations between 0.01 and 0.07 mcg/g fresh tissue.
Indole 3 Carbinol
An anti cancer welltrient that decreases total cholesterol. May help rid the body of toxins and reduces estrogen responsive tumors.
Inosine Inosine is formed when a purine (hydrogen bonding compounds widely occurring in plants and meats) is bound to ribose (an energy (ATP) enhancing sugar).
Inosine helps facilitate energy production and other cellular activities.
Inositol Inositol is part of the vitamin B complex that plays an important role as a second messenger in the cell.
A welltrient that supports a healthy nervous system, produces a calming effect, lower cholesterol levels, promotes healthier hair, prevents eczema and is integral to proper eye function..
A great source of fiber, helps to maintain bowel regularity, lowers cholesterol levels, a food source for the beneficial bacteria found in the intestines.
Invertase Invertase is a “Disaccharidase enzyme” that breaks down sucrose (two sugars) into glucose (single sugar) and fructose (single sugar), both of which are readily absorbed into the blood.
Invertase breaks down these sugar complexes best in a pH range of 2-6.
Iodine Iodine is essential in the development and function of the thyroid gland. Iodine is detected in every organ and tissue in the body and is essential in pregnancy. Iodine is also found in high levels in the breast, ovaries, liver, lung, heart, stomach, and adrenal glands.
The thyroid gland adds iodine to the amino acid tyrosine to create the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones have tremendous effects in the control of cellular metabolism. Iodine is essential in developing and maintaining a healthy thyroid function, necessary for the normal growth, development and functioning of the brain and body. Helps to metabolize fat and is essential in the physical and mental development.
Iodine is an important component of thyroid hormones, which control energy metabolism in the body as well as body temperature, reproduction, and growth. Iodine aids in the development and functioning of the thyroid gland; regulates the body’s production of energy; helps burn excess fat by stimulating the rate of metabolism; mentality, speech, the condition of the hair, skin, & teeth are dependent upon a well-functioning thyroid gland.
IP6 - Inositol Hexaphosphate IP-6 is a component of certain dietary fibers, particularly most cereal grains, legumes, and seeds high in oil.
IP6 (also known as phytic acid or phytate) is a phosphorylated form of inositol which is widely distributed in plant foods and constitutes 0.4 – 6.4% of most seeds and nuts. Some of fiber's health benefits may be due to the antioxidant, immune enhancing, and cardiovascular supporting activities of IP-6.
Found in igneous rocks at 0.001 ppm; land plants at 0.62 ppm and land animals at 0.00002 ppm.
Irish MossIrish Moss (Chondrus crispus) is a species and genera of red algae, traditionally used for its emollient and soothing action and in respiratory illness where it is often the core of prescriptions to treat irritating coughs, bronchitis and many other lung problems. Irish Moss may be used in digestive conditions where a demulcent is called for, such as gastritis and ulceration of the stomach and duodenum. Irish Moss has many useful properties involved with it's anti-inflammatory effects.
Iron The most ocurring essential nutrient is iron whose major function is to combine with protein and copper in making hemoglobin and bind oxygen in red blood cells for the delivery of oxygen to body tissues.
It is part of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of the blood. When deficient we tire easily, partly because our bodies are starved for oxygen. It is part of myoglobin, which helps muscle cells store oxygen. Without enough it, ATP (the fuel the body runs on) cannot be properly synthesized.
Responsible for healthy blood and the transport of oxygen in the body. Important in the regulation of blood sugar levels.
They provide ingredients for the manufacturing of other essential biochemical components in the body, some of which are utilized for the production of energy, stimulants to the upper brain and helping you to be more alert.
A native of southern Asia and Australia, jambul can now also be found growing throughout tropical regions of India, Indonesia, and Africa. Jambul is cultivated commercially for its fruit. Jambul is propagated from seed or from semiripe cuttings in summer and requires well-drained soil and plenty of sun. The fruit is harvested when ripe in autumn.
The oil in juniper is stimulating to the kidney nephrons and make them a good support of the urinary system. Juniper contains vitamin C and other nutrients. It acts as a diuretic, bactericidal and uterine stimulant to help rid the body of waste and toxins. It also helps to alleviate fluid retention and helps to prevent urinary tract infections.
Kale Kale is a potent anti-cancer food, and contains as much calcium as spinach. Organosulfur compounds (Kale's sulfur-containing phytowelltrients) activate the detoxifying enzymes in the liver that help neutralize potentially carcinogens.
This lessens wide variety of cancers, including breast and ovarian. Kale is well known for its carotenoids, lutein and zeaxanthin, which act like sunglass filters and prevent damage to the eyes from excessive exposure to ultraviolet light.
Kava (Piper methysticum) (Kava Kava) is a crop of the western Pacific. Kava is an herb used in relieving anxiety, mental and physical stress without affecting cognitive performance.
Kelp Kelp, a sea vegetable with concentrated sources of minerals, including iodine, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and iron. A large, leafy brown edible seaweed rich in vitamins and minerals that grows along colder coastlines.
Kelp absorbs fats and has been shown to have efficacy for obesity, cellulitis and rheumatism. Kelp is rich in nutrients, containing 30 minerals, so it is especially beneficial for anyone who is mineral deficient. Kelp is reported to be beneficial for the brain and nervous system and the spinal chord. Kelp contains iodine which stimulates the thyroid. Kelp has been reported to improve skin, nails and hair, protect against radiation, soften stools and treat obesity and ulcers.
Konjac Glucomannan is an amazing herb acts as a prevention of chronic disease and as a weight control agent. As a diet aid, it expands to about 200 times its original volume when used with a large glass of water.
Glucomannan helps reduce cholesterol, helps maintain regularity and promotes bowel health. It helps to normalize blood sugar, to relieve stress on the pancreas and to discourage blood sugar abnormalities, such as hypoglycemia.
Breaks down lactose (two sugars) into galactose (single sugar) and glucose (single sugar) in a pH range of 4-8.
Lactobacillus acidophilus Acidophilus is a probiotic that produces enzymes to digest protein, fat, and lactase; B vitamins: folic acid and B-12; and hydrogen peroxide to fight bacteria and yeast overgrowth.
Studies suggest that some strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus may help control intestinal infections (and therefore help reduce the onset of diarrhea), plus improve the digestion of milk products by breaking down milk sugar (lactose). They may also provide an inhibitory response towards some types of cancer, stimulate the immune response against unwanted intestinal micro-organisms, including viruses, and may help control serum cholesterol levels. It has been used as a supplement in cultured dairy products such as acidophilus milk and acidophilus yogurt, which are part of a daily diet of people in Europe and Asia, and increasingly in the Americas.
Lactobacillus brevis Research studies show that Lactobacillus brevis decreases intestinal permeability, improves intestinal microflora, and has a positive effect on the immune system.
Lactobacillus brevis helps correct bacterial imbalance from antibiotic treatment; synthesizes vitamins D & K; decreases Leaky Gut Syndrome; improves intestinal microflora; enhances intestinal immune system; inhibits the ulcer causing H. pylori bacteria.
Lactobacillus bulgaricus Lactobacillus bulgaricus is known for alleviating digestive problems (including acid reflux) and taming a runaway appetite, L. bulgaricus provides overall support to resident bacteria.
Lactobacillus bulgaricus is recommended for enhanced digestibility of milk products and other proteins, production of natural antibiotic substances, inhibition of undesirable organisms, maximum effectiveness of waste disposal, colon cleansing without disrupting friendly bacteria, and effective immune enhancement.
Lactobacillus casei Lactobacillus casei is a probiotic bacterium has been used for centuries in traditional cultured milks in Asia, such as the Yakult beverage from Japan. Lactobacillus casei is a highly prolific organism and has strong resistance to digestive enzymes. Some
Lactobacillus casei provides support for digestion & mucosal lining; enhanced immune response, balanced intestinal bacterial; increased resistance to unfriendly bacteria including Listeria, E. coli, streptococci, clostridia, salmonella and the ulcer causing bacteria H.pylori. Eases leaky gut syndrome & constipation; produces lactic acid; digests carbohydrates; survives in stomach acid; has shown positive effects against bladder cancer & early colon cancer.
Lactobacillus helveticus Lactobacillus helveticus stimulates the immune & digestive system, controls diarrhea, reduces lactose intolerance and inhibits unfriendly bacteria.
Lactobacillus helveticus enhance the recovery of gut atrophy induced by malnutrition.
Lactobacillus plantarum inhibits unfriendly bacteria, molds, viruses & parasites; produces a natural antibiotic, fatty acids, enzymes and several amino acids including the anti-viral L-lysine; digests proteins & semi-digestible fibers; eliminates protein waste; improves bacteria balance & digestion; regulates bowels; decreases gas & bloating; helps lower cholesterol; enhances immune system; repairs cells; balances intestinal pH; provides support for Irritable Bowel Syndrome & mucosal lining; preserves nutrients, vitamins & antioxidants; reduces toxins and cancer causing nitrates in foods.
Lactobacillus rhamnosus “Lactobacillus rhamnosus” is a transient aerobic probiotic that appears in the body from the mouth through the small intestine and produces “mucin” (a mucus coating).
Lactobacillus rhamnosus is less tolerant to digestive enzymes and is more transient in the human intestine then Lactobacillus acidophilus. Lactobacillus rhamnosus is used to deliver and release lactase enzyme throughout the stomach and small intestine to hydrolyze (break down) lactose. Certain strains of this organism have been shown to stimulate an immune response against foreign intestinal organisms, and prevent rotoviral or Clostridium difficile-induced diarrhea.
Lactobacillus salivarius The transient strain “Lactobacillus salivarius” found in the mouth and small intestine has antimicrobial activities and breaks down proteins and produces B vitamins, enzymes and lactic acid. The probiotic “Lactobacillus” genus of Gram-positive facultative anaerobic, manganese-dependent organisms that are generally catalase-negative, nonmotile, utilize glucose fermentation found present in the vagina and the gastrointestinal tract in the body.
Lactobacillus salivarius helps inhibit Salmonella and the ulcer causing bacteria H. pylori; eases symptoms of bowel toxemia & food poisoning; digests protein; produces enzymes and vitamins B & K.
Lactococcus lactis The transient strain “Lactobacillus lactis” produces the immuno-supportive lactic acid. Lc. lactis produces the peptide “nisin”, which has activity against “bad” bacteria Clostridium difficile.
The probiotic “Lactobacillus” genus of Gram-positive facultative anaerobic, manganese-dependent, resident organisms that are generally catalase-negative, nonmotile, utilize glucose fermentation found present in the vagina and the gastrointestinal tract in the body.
Despite the high toxicity of lead, very small amounts of this metal have been proved to be essential. Typical daily intakes are 15-100 mcg per day. In animal studies, lead (Pb) deficiency had adverse effects on growth and disturbed iron metabolism. Although beneficial in minute amounts, toxicity is more of a nutritional concern.
Lettuce Lettuce is a temperate annual or biennial plant of the daisy family Asteraceae.
Believed to be responsible for lowering high blood sugar levels, and is important in the healing of bones, skin, and muscle tissue.
Branched-chain amino acids provide ingredients for the manufacturing of other essential biochemical components in the body, some of which are utilized for the production of energy, stimulants to the upper brain and helping you to be more alert.
Licorice Licorice is an Adaptogen that comes from the root of the herbaceous perennial Glycyrrhiza glabra.
The Chinese have used Licorice to help with coughing. Both Licorice Root and Licorice Juice are used medicinally. Licorice juice is used for viral liver inflammations, and, in Asian medicine, the root is used for boils, diarrhea, headache, excessive thirst, sore throat, and swellings from infections. Licorice speeds healing of stomach ulcers.
Lignans Lignans are phytonutrients found in both seeds and grains. Lignans are a phenolic compound or polyphenol called secoisolariciresinal glucoside (SDG).
Their ability to prevent cancer is recognized by the National Cancer Institute. In addition to having anti-cancer properties SDG’s also have anti-viral, anti-bacterial and anti-fungus properties.
Lime Lime Oil is very refreshing and uplifting, good for a tired mind or fatigue, very stimulating and activating for apathy, anxiety or depression
A liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons, limes, grapefruit, caraway, dill, bergamot, peppermint, spearmint, grasses, tomatoes, oranges and other essential oils. Excellent as a cleaning agent; has antibacterial and antimutagenic properties.
Liquid polyunsaturated fatty acids abundant in plant oils like flaxseed and linseed.
Lipase Lipase is the primary digestive enzyme used to split fats.
Fat-digesting enzymes like Lipase, split fats into monoglycerides (glycerol) and fatty acids.
Fats require special digestive action before absorption because the end products must be carried in a water medium (blood and lymph) in which fats are not soluble.
Lipase breaks down fat molecules or tryglycerides into three simple fatty acids in a pH range of 3-10. Aids in the breakdown of undigested fats that might putrefy in the intestinal tract.
Lipoic Acids Lipoic acid, which is also known as thioctic acid (vitamin N), is a fat soluble compound produced in the body. It plays an important role in the breakdown of carbohydrates, fats and protein.
An enzyme found in the mitochondria, where it plays a crucial role in this energy-producing structure of the cell. The body makes it for basic metabolic functions. Regenerates vitamin C, vitamin E and glutathione – three antioxidants that help defend your lens, macula and other eye tissues and others from free radicals.
A versatle powerful fat and water-soluble antioxidant, capable of fighting free radicals in both fatty and water based environments (ie muscle and skin). Often termed the “universal” antioxidant, it acts as an antioxidant, when there is an excess of it while it is in the "free" state in the cells.
Lithium Lithium is a mineral involved with many physiological functions including helping to transport sodium metabolism to brain nerves and muscles.
Lithium works with other elements, enzymes, hormones, vitamins and growth factors. Many of the biological actions of Lithium may be caused by the powerful polarizing effect caused by its small atomic radius, allowing it to displace sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium from membrane or enzyme binding sites. Dietary lithium is utilized by the body to help moderate temperament and to help control anger and hostility.
Historically used to open closed alveoli and aid in overcoming asthma attacks.
It also functions as a muscle relaxer for muscle spasms and as a antispasmodic.
It reduces the desire for nicotine and has been used to help stop smoking.
Lutein A naturally occurring carotenoid—a pigment compound— found in green leafy vegetables, studies suggest that lutein intake fortifies the macula of the eye.
Research has shown that Lutein appears to filter out blue wavelength light from the sun and artificial light sources, suppressing the oxidation of retinal cells that can cause eye disease.
This organic trace mineral clears the body 6-8 hours after ingestion if not utilized by the body. There is NO danger of toxicity.
Lycopene The antioxidant lycopene is an open-chain unsaturated carotenoid found primarily in tomatos and other plants that imparts the red color.
Lycopene is a welltrient and an antioxidant, that help defend your lens, macula and other eye tissues from free radicals. As an antioxidant it may lower the risk of certain diseases including cancer, heart disease for good prostate health.
Lysine Lysine insures the adequate absorption of calcium; helps form collagen; aids in the production of antibodies, hormones & enzymes. Helps in collagen formation and in the repair of tissue.
A deficiency may result in tiredness, inability to concentrate, irritability, bloodshot eyes, retarded growth, hair loss ,anemia & reproductive problems.
Lysine is known for its use in soothing the effects of herpes. May improve the endurance to stress and battle fatigue. Found to be low in the serum of vegetarians. Lysine aids in the absorption of calcium, and deficiencies could lead to calcium excretion (kidney stones) and possible dwarfness. Strengthens the thymus gland and immune system. Plays and important role in collagen formation in tissue, which in necessary for neutralizing viruses and repairing damage the eye lens. Researchers have found that weight reduction can be improved with the use of a combination of the amino acids L-Ornithine and L-Arginine enhanced by L-Lysine.
Needed for proper growth and bone development. Used especially by those recovering from injury or surgery.
The Maca root is an Adaptogen that may have powerful effects on desire, erections, and orgasms, grows at high altitudes in Peru.
Magnesium The element magnesium is an essential mineral involved in 350+ biochemical actions in the body.
Magnesium regulates calcium and potassium metabolism, facilitates muscle constriction and relaxation, and assists in nerve transmission and conduction. Magnesium is carried into our body & cells by the amino acid glycine.
Magnolia Magnolia officinalis bark has been used in traditional Chinese herbalism for centuries.
Malic acid is found in various plant juices and is formed as an intermediate in the Krebs cycle, where it plays a role in the complex process of producing ATP - the energy currency, within the mitochondria. Malic acid is found in a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, but the richest source is apples, which is why malic acid is sometimes referred to as "apple acid."
Malic acid supports the energy production necessary for muscle function, and acts as a catalyst during the Krebs cycle via pyruvic acid metabolism.
Malt Diastase Maltase is a “Disaccharidase enzyme” closely related to amylase and works to digest grain maltose.
As a carbohydrolytic enzyme, Maltase is useful for both digestive support and general nutrition support.
Maltase breaks down maltose (two sugars) into two single sugars of glucose in a pH range of 4-9.
Manganese An antioxidant nutrient; important in the blood breakdown of amino acids and the production of energy; necessary for the metabolism of Vitamin B-1 & Vitamin E; Activates various enzymes. Manganese is a catalyst in the breakdown of fats & cholesterol; help
Essential for a healthy immune system, healthy nerves, normal bone growth, blood sugar regulation, and reproduction. Used in energy production, required for normal bone growth and for reproduction. Used in the formation of cartilage and synovial (lubricating) fluid of the joints needed in small amounts for your body's fat and protein metabolism. It is used in energy production. It plays an important role as part of the natural antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD), which helps to fight free radicals, It helps energy metabolism, thyroid function, blood sugar control, and normal skeletal growth. Helps eliminate fatigue and osteoporosis, improves memory, reduces nervous irritability.
A mucilage herb which keeps the GI tract healthy and improves respiration by helping remove the hardened phlegm in the intestinal tract as well as the lungs and other parts of the body. Helpful in tissue reproduction, elimination of toxic or foreign matter, and relieving irritation and inflammation of the bladder, gastrointestinal tracts, respiratory tract and urinary tract.
Melatonin is secreted by the pineal gland, a pea-sized entity located near the base of the brain. The pineal gland helps regulate the hypothalamus gland and influences the functioning of the thyroid, thymus, pancreas and adrenal glands. Melatonin is produced from the neurotransmitter serotonin.
Melatonin functions as an antioxidant and helping to regulate circadian rhythms (the body's biological clock which regulates the sleep-wake cycles). It also has a positive influence on the immune system, and it may act as a prophylaxis against osteoporosis, as well as an effective adjunct in the fight against certain types of cancers.
Methionine A sulfur bearing amino acid that detoxifies heavy metals (such as lead) and excessive levels of Histamine. A powerful antioxidant preventing free radical damage to tissues.
Produces Choline a brain food, and may help with the digestive system, helps in the breakdown of fats, prevents the buildup of fat in the liver and arteries, premature hair loss and fights fatigue. Beneficial for people with allergies. L-Methionine helps increase neuro-transmitters in the brain. Helps create adrenaline, which controls sexual activity and mitigates the effects of high histamine levels.
The principle supplier of sulfur which prevents disorders of the hair, skin and nails; helps lower cholesterol levels by increasing the liver's production of lecithin; reduces liver fat and protects the kidneys; a natural chelating agent for heavy metals; regulates the formation of ammonia and creates ammonia-free urine which reduces bladder irritation; influences hair follicles and promotes hair growth.
A vital lipotropic amino acid that helps maintain liver health. Needed for proper metabolism of our dietary fat. Assists in the removal of toxic wastes from the liver. Inadequate dietary methionine makes liver work harder. A powerful antioxidant which protects against free radicals, particularly superoxide radicals produced by alcohol metabolized in the liver.
Milk Thistle A Milk Thistle component 'Silymarin' has a number of unique functions and is a particularly powerful antioxidant/free radical scavenger. It has been found to be particularly effective against the free radicals that cause the liver cells to degenerate. Sil
Milk Thistle protects the liver, renews its cells and stimulates the secretion of bile. It’s used in the treatment of hepatitis, jaundice and cirrhosis.
The fruit of this plant appear to contain properties that may protect against hepatitis and cirrhosis of the liver.
Molybdenum Molybdenum is an essential trace element required in nitrogen metabolism.
An essential trace element required in nitrogen metabolism. Molybdenum enhances cell function and is a component in the metabolic process. Molybdenum is distributed throughout the body, with the greatest concentration in the liver, where Molybdenum functions as a facilitator for liver detoxification. Molybdenum is vital for the function and formation of several (at least 3) enzymes in the body, one of which regulates urinary excretion.
Myrrh is the aromatic gum resin from a desert tree called the dindin of the genus Commiphora. The bitter-tasting, fragrant resin has been used for thousands of years as an ointment, perfume, incense and embalming fluid. As a wellness compound, it has been used to kill pain, heal wounds and neutralize bad breath. Myrrh oil benefits the respiratory tract, the digestive system, gum and mouth disorders, skin care and gynaecological problems.
Nattokinase Natto, from which the enzyme is derived, is made by fermenting boiled soybeans with bacillus natto. Natto from fermented soybeans mat be enlivened by the activity of Bacillus subitilis, contains a potent fibrinolytic enzyme, called nattokinase produced from the dried culture filtrate of partially distilled a profibrinolytic serine proteinase.
Nattokinase is a pro-fibrinolytic (clot dissolving) enzyme that helps to promote healthy circulation of the blood by breaking up cross linked fibrin and soluble fibrin monomers that may contribute to high blood pressure and other cardiovascular conditions.
Nettle A plants of the genus Urtica where stinging nettle is a species containing important phytonutrients including a histamine, acetylcholine and serotonin.
Nettle historically been used as a diuretic, pain reliever, and tonic, and to support the urinary and immune body systems. Nettle is useful for the body that is experiencing painful urination. Nettle is specific for respiratory allergies, and the root was proven effective for benign prostatic enlargement (BPE).
Nickel High concentrations of nickel are found in genetic material. Nickel is involved in both protein structure and function. Nickel plays a role in hormone functions, and activates certain enzymes related to the breakdown or utilization of glucose.
Human and animal tests show that nickel to be a factor in hormone, lipid and membrane metabolism and cell membrane integrity. Significant amounts are found in DNA and RNA and nickel may act as a stabilizer of these nucleic acids.
Schroeder and Balassa considered niobium a neglected element from a biological viewpoint. They based this statement on their finding that levels of niobium in tissues of humans and wild, domestic, and laboratory animals were comparable to those of copper.
Nitrogen is an essential building block of protein. Nitrogen functions as a structural atom in protein, nucleic acids (RNA, DNA) and a wide variety of organic molecules. It furnishes the amino acids for synthesis of tissue protein and other special metabolic functions: Proteins are used to repair worn-out body tissue. Proteins are used to build new tissue (muscle, infant growth, childhood, teenagers, pregnancy). Proteins can be an emergency source of heat and energy. Proteins make up essential body secretions and fluids (ie enzymes, hormones, mucus, milk, semen, etc). Blood plasma proteins maintain osmotic fluid balance (hypoproteinuria results in edema). Proteins maintain acid-base balance of blood and tissues. Proteins aid in transport of other essential substances (ie- minerals, fats, vitamins, etc). Proteins make up basic immunoglobulins (antibodies). Proteins provide a Nitrogen pool for the synthesis of amino acids and new proteins.
Nopal Nopal is derived from the succulent, dethorned flat stems of the “prickly pear”. As a vegetable Nopal is rich in insoluble and soluble dietary fiber and contain vitamins (vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin K, riboflavin and vitamin B6), minerals (magnesium, potassium, and manganese, iron and copper) and biologically unavailable calcium oxalate.
Nopal provides essential amino acids in the form of easily-digestible protein, and nopal contains some mucilage and pectins that help support the digestive system. Nopal reduces the glycemic effect.
Octacosanol Octacosanol (a complex fatty acid complex) is a waxy substance naturally present in some plant oils that improves oxygen utilization, help stabilize your cholesterol levels, suppress lipid accumulation in fatty tissue and inhibit oxidation of cholestero
Octacosanol plays a role in strength and muscle development by acting on nerve tissue. The more efficient your nervous system, the more you facilitate speed and strength production, an advantage which can spill over into new muscle growth.
Octopamine Octopamine is a trace amine, a class of molecules that naturally occur in both vertebrate and invertebrate species.
Olive Olives comes from the olive tree, a member of the evergreen family native to the Mediterranean region, but grown around the world.
Olive tree leaves have healthful, wellness, anti-aging , antioxidant qualities.
Extra-virgin olive oil is the most digestible of the edible fats: it helps to assimilate vitamins A, D and K; it contains so-called essential acids that cannot be produced by our own bodies; it slows down the aging process; and it helps bile, liver and intestinal functions.
Onions (Allium cepa)
Onions contain adenosine, which hinders clot formation and therefore potential heart attacks. Also contain sulfur compounds that may block the cancer causing potential of some carcinogens.
Oregano Oregano oil is also known as European, wild, common or grove marjoram as well as joy of the mountain.
Oregon Grape Oregon Grape Root as a tonic on the liver & gall bladder, and can be useful in chronic & scaly skin problems such as psoriasis and eczema and is known to be helpful for stomach conditions.
Oregon grape root’s usefulness is due to its high levels of berberine, a substance with strong antimicrobial qualities. Because of the berberine, Oregon grape’s primary use is for infections. In addition, the herb stimulates the flow of bile and has general tonic properties.
Ornithine Ornithine is necessary for proper immune system and liver function, detoxifies ammonia and helps skin stay healthy. Ornithine promotes healing.
Ornithine accelerates tissue repair and wound healing. Once HGH is released the body can build muscle and at the same time decrease body fat. Ornithine may aid in detoxifying ammonia in the body fluids that is poisonous to living cells in the urea cycle. Thought to build the immune system and promote proper liver function. L-Ornithine promotes healing.
PABA Para Aminobenzoic Acid aids healthy bacteria to produce folic acid; aids in the formation of red blood cells; contains sun screening properties; aids in the assimilation of Pantothenic acid; returns hair to its natural color.
Keeps skin smooth and healthy, delays wrinkles and reduces the pain of burns.
This is an organic trace mineral. Palladium can be found in plants after being converted from inorganic form (from the soil) to an organic form by the plant. This organic trace mineral clears the body 6-8 hours after ingestion if not utilized by the body.
Parsley Parsley the world's most popular herb, cleanses your palate and breath at the end of your meal and contains a storehouse of nutrients, namely volatile oils ( myristicin ), which according to research, inhibits tumor formation in the lungs of animals st
Parsley contains the anti-oxidant Vitamins A(beta carotene), C and E and bioflavonoids.
Passionflower is an herb rich in alkaloids and flavone glycosides. Studies point to a flavonoid as a primary constituent responsible for its relaxing and anti-anxiety effects.
Patchouli oil is excellent for anxiety and depression, very good for dreamers and people who tend to neglect or feel detached from their bodies, helps ground and integrate energy and keep us in touch with our physical selves.
Peppermint Peppermint is used to treat many ailments of the skin, circulatory system, respiratory system, digestive system, immune system, and nervous system.
Peppermint's pain-relieving effects on headaches have been known for many years. When applied to the skin, peppermint reduces sensitivity and relieves pain. Rubbed on the temples, across the forehead, and behind the neck, peppermint oil helps to ease digestive-related headaches and migraines by generating a cooling effect on the skin and relaxing cranial muscles. Peppermint is an expectorant and decongestant.
Peptidase Peptidases refers to a protease that can break either a specific peptide bonds (limited proteolysis), depending on the amino acid sequence of a protein, or break down a complete peptide to amino acids (unlimited proteolysis).
Breaks down proteins in a pH range of 5-9. Peptidase helps digest protein molecules.
Vinpocetine (an extract of Periwinkle) is a powerful memory enhancer. Vinpocetine facilitates cerebral metabolism by improving cerebral microcirculation (blood flow), stepping up brain cell ATP production (ATP is the cellular energy molecule), and increasing utilization of glucose and oxygen.
Beans are said to be used for acne,bladder, burns, cardiac, carminative, depurative, diabetes, diarrhea, diuretic, dropsy, dysentery, eczema, emolient, hiccups, itch, kidney, resolvent, rheumatism, sciatica, and tenesmus.
Phenylalanine Phenylalanine is an electrically-neutral, nonpolar essential amino acid. Phenylalanine is one of the twenty common amino acids used to biochemically form proteins, coded for by DNA.
Phenylalanine is structurally closely related to dopamine, epinephrine (adrenaline) and tyrosine. Phenylalanine is a direct precursor to the neuromodulator phenylethylamine.
Phosphorus Phosphorus is vital for strong bones and teeth and plays an important role in energy storage and release. It is found in DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid). Phosphorus is necessary for normal milk secretion and many metabolic reactions
It has been determined that a proper balance between magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus is important at all times. An imbalance in any of the three may have adverse effects on the body. It has been found phosphorus is needed for tooth formation and healthy bones, the proper functioning of the heart muscles, as well as kidney function.
The bark is extracted from the Maritime Pine provides a powerful antioxidant that can stengthen the capillaries and cells of your eyes and body.
Pineapple Pineapple contains the unique protease enzyme "bromelain", that has powerful anti-inflammatory effects on bruises, sprains, strains by reducing swelling, tenderness, and pain; it relieves rheumatoid arthritis symptoms and relieves indigestion.
The pineapples is a tropical or near-tropical plant, but will usually tolerate brief exposures to 28° F. Prolonged cold above freezing retards growth, delays maturity and causes the fruit to be more acid. Pineapples are drought-tolerant and produce fruit under yearly precipitation rates ranging from 25 - 150 in., depending on location and humidity. They are successfully grown in southern Florida and coastal areas of southern California. The small plant adapts well to container and greenhouse culture.
Doctors in Germany have had miraculous results using platinum to treat cancer for some time now. Indirect use of platinum in oncology in the 1970's coincidentally resulted in shrinking and disappearance of breast lumps. Little is known about platinum and its benefits. Platinum may prove to be very influential in the fight against cancer and other illnesses.
Plum Plums are packed with a powerhouse of welltrients, including vitamin A, magnesium, iron, potassium, copper, boron and phenolic compounds, which help regulate glucose metabolism, promote cardiovascular health, assist bone metabolism, and aid digestion.
Plums are packed with important vitamins and minerals like vitamin A, magnesium, iron and are a source of dietary fiber, sorbitol, potassium, copper, boron and phenolic compounds which are active in interrelated physiological and health promoting functions. These compounds help regulate glucose metabolism, promote cardiovascular health, are involved in bone metabolism, protect against cancer, and contribute to digestion.
Policosanol Policosanol (polycosanol) is a natural waxy extract from sugar cane.
Policosanol is the generic term used for a mixture of long-chain primary aliphatic saturated alcohols. These alcohols are derived from the waxes of such plants as sugar cane (Saccharum officinarium) and yams (e.g. Dioscorea opposita). They are also found in beeswax.
An herb used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Polygonum cuspidatum contains naturally occurring phytoestrogens. It acts to reduce hot flashes, balance mood swings, maintain healthy bone density, promote heart health and prevent the effects of premature aging.
Polyphenols are a class of phytochemicals found in high concentrations in wine, tea, grapes and a wide variety of other plants and have been associated with heart disease and cancer prevention. Phenolic compounds or polyphenols, have a similar basic structural chemistry including an "aromatic" or "phenolic" ring structure.
At least 8,000 phenolic compounds have already been identified in a dozen chemical sub-categories.
Phenolic compounds are responsible for the brightly colored pigments of many fruits and vegetables, but they protect plants from diseases and ultraviolet light help prevent damage to seeds until they germinate. One of the important classes of polyphenols are the bioflavonoids.
Pomegranate Pomegranate contains the antioxidants; polyphenolics and anthocyanidins. Pomegranate is high in Ellagic Acid.
Ellagic acid is a polyphenol compound found in raspberries, strawberries, pomegranates, and other fruit. It has been shown to normalize cell death of abnormal cells, a process called apoptosis. This enhances the body’s cell growth control system by providing an important plant substance. It may bind to DNA to prevent damage to this all-important genetic material. This is a key step in preventing cell damage that leads to signs of aging.
Porangaba Porangaba is a South American tree with leaves and berries that work as an appetite suppressant, stopping appetite, giving one a sense of being full and satiated after eating few bites of food. This promotes smaller meals, which is better for sustained weight loss and keeping the metabolism going throughout the day.
as diuretics, in urinary difficulty, diarrhea, water retention, pixu with water retention. Urination difficulty due to damp heat. Pixu with mucus production and headache, dizziness, palpitations, with think greasy tongue coating. Palpitation, insomnia or forgetfulness, loss of appetite. Inflammation of the uterus and chronic sinusitis.
Clears dampness, tonifies the spleen functions, calms the mind. It is used for edema, mucus, urinary imbalances, diarrhea, palpitations, vertigo, restlessness, anxiety, and insomnia.
Potassium The essential alkali mineral Potassium is the major cation inside the cells and important in the maintainence of fluid and electrolyte balance in all body systems.
Maintaining a healthy nervous system as well as a regular heart rhythm is enhanced by potassium. Proper muscle contractions as well as the prevention of stroke seems to be affected by the presence of potassium in proper amounts. Chemical reactions within cells, stability of blood pressure are also affected by potassium. Research suggests that the function of potassium decreases with age, which reflects on certain of the age related problems. Supplemental potassium may act as an anti-aging agent.
Due to the interaction of potassium with hormones relating to stress, excess of stress has a tendency to increase the body's requirement of potassium.
Potato Potato is the world's most widely grown tuber crop, which applies to either the starchy tuberous crop from the perennial plant Solanum tuberosum of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, or to the potato itself.
Praseodymium enhances proliferation of normal cell growth and doubling of the life spans in laboratory species.
The parent of all hormones. All other sex hormones are derived from it, including DHEA. It is the super hormone of our brain. The brain and the adrenal cortex produce it and levels decrease as we age. By age 75 we produce only about 40% of our youthful levels.
Proline Proline is a non essential amino acid and one of the 20 proteinogenic units used in living organisms as building blocks of protein.
Proline is extremely important for the proper functioning of joints and tendons; helps maintain and strengthen heart muscles. Proline is a critical component of cartilage, and for the health of joints, tendons and ligaments.
Protease Protease refers to a group of enzymes also called proteolytic enzymes or proteinases whose primary function is the breakdown (catabolism by hydrolysis) of specific peptide bonds (the amino acid links) of amino acids and proteins in a polypeptide chain.
This enzyme breaks down proteins into amino acids in a pH range of 4-10. This means that it is active in the “predigestion” stage, inactivates in the lower stomach and reactivates in the small intestine. Aids in the breakdown of undigested proteins that will rot or putrify in the intestinal tract.
Psyllium Psyllium fiber is a valuable source of insoluble fiber, because it is not broken down as it passes down the gastrointestinal tract.
The husks have the ability to swell up to 100 times their initial volume when added to water or juice.
Pumpkin Seed Pumpkin seeds, also known as pepitas are a good source of essential fatty acids, amino acids, minerals and vitamins.
Pumpkin seeds are flat, dark green seeds. Some pumpkin seeds are encased in a yellow-white husk and some varieties of pumpkins produce seeds without shells. The pumpkin seed may be taken to eliminate many varieties of worms.
pygeum africanum Pygeum extract comes from the bark of a large evergreen tree found in central and southern Africa that contain several important compounds includimg beta-sitosterol, other plant estrogens, triterpenes, ferulic acids and more.
Pygeum helps increase bladder elasticity and protects the bladder's smooth muscle against cellular damage and improves urologic function and flow.
An amino acid naturally found in vegetables, fruits, dairy products, and meat. It is normally present in large amounts in the human brain, cerebrospinal fluid, and blood.
Pyruvate (the buffered form of pyruvic acid) is a product created in the body during the metabolism of carbohydrates and protein. Small amounts of pyruvate can be found in certain fruits and vegetable we eat. Two potential mechanisms by which pyruvate enhances both fat and weight loss are through increasing metabolism and utilization.
Quercetin Quercetin is a flavonol (flavonoid), and in the aglycone form of other flavonoid glycosides (rutin and quercitrin). Quercetin is one of the most active of the flavonoids.
The plant pigment quercetin is a dominant flavonoid found in found mainly in citrus fruit. In the body quercetin has anti-inflammatory activity with direct inhibition of several initial processes of inflammation (it inhibits both the manufacture and release of histamine and other allergic/inflammatory mediators) and it exerts potent antioxidant activity and vitamin C-sparing action.
Radishes The radish is an edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family, domesticated in Europe during the preRoman times.
Red Clover The Red Clover is a trifoliate herbaceous perennial species of clover native to Europe, western Asia and northwest Africa, rich in coumarin, isoflavones and phytoestrogens.
The Red Clover is a trifoliate herbaceous perennial species of clover native to Europe, western Asia and northwest Africa, rich in coumarin, isoflavones and phytoestrogens.
Reishi Reishi is an Adaptogenic polypore mushroom commonly known as Ling Zhi in China, known since ancient times to have legendary health benefits.
Reishi mushrooms contain chemicals called polysaccharides, which have been shown to help the body fight cancerous tumors and also stimulate the immune system to combat infections and viruses. The triterpenes, found in reishi mushrooms and shown to lower blood pressure and improve circulation.
Resveratrol is an antioxidant found in a number of plants, including grape skins, raspberries, mulberries and peanuts. Its job in nature is to fight fungus during the rainy season, and is most prevalent in grapes. It possess anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activity in cell-based experiments and is currently in clinical trials for its ability to treat oral herpes and cancer. It is a component of Ko-jo-kon, an oriental medicine used to treat diseases of the blood vessels, heart and liver.
Rhodiola rosea is an Adaptogen with a powerful anti-aging phyto supplement with adaptogenic and anti-stress activities. In Russia, it has been used for centuries to cope with the cold Siberian climate and stressful life. A perennial plant that grows in artic regions of the world, Rhodiola may boost sexual desire in both men and women,
Rhodium is found in igneous rocks at 0.001 ppm.
Rhubarb Rhubarb is recognized that rhubarb not only exercises a digestive action but it operates directly as a conveyer of bile salts.
Besides stimulating the secretions from the liver which convey the bile salts, rhubarb assists the intestine in regulating the absorption of fats.
Ribose is a carbohydrate used by your cells
for your body's energy production. It plays a critical role in
the production of ATP, which provides the energy for short burst
of power movements during workout. Can
increase energy levels via increased ATP, enhancing
performance, and recovery, which leads to greater gains.
Our body contains about 350 mg. It has not yet been shown to be essential. Chemically, it is like potassium, and in some animals it can replace potassium in certain functions, though this does not seem to be the case in humans.
Ruthenium is found in igneous rocks at 0.001 ppm; land plants at 0.005 ppm; land animals at 0.002 ppm.
Rutin Rutin is a citrus flavonoid glycoside between the flavonol quercetin and the disaccharide rutinose.
In the body, it attaches to the iron ion Fe2+, preventing it from binding to hydrogen peroxide.
Rutin is a flavonol often used along with other bioflavonoids to help strengthen capillaries.Rutin may be particularly helpful for those who bruise or bleed easily.
Common sage is a small evergreen bush of the plant genus Salvia, family Lamiaceae, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region.
Enhances normal cell proliferation and doubles the life span of laboratory species. Deficiencies in Samarium may result in hearing loss, male pattern baldness, poor growth, and poor feeding.
A natural metabolite of the amino acid methionine. It is the precursor for three fundamental biochemical pathways. Involved in over 40 biochemical reactions in the body. It is a co-factor in many critical biochemical reactions. It is found in every living organism. Essential to the manufacture of important brain compounds such as neurotransmitters and phospholipids. It improves the binding of neurotransmitters to receptor sites, causing increased serotonin and dopamine activity and improved brain cell membrane fluidity, resulting in significant improvement.
Sarsaparilla Flavonoids in sarsaparilla have immune modulation and liver protective activities. Sarsaparilla is known for its detoxifying, blood purifying, and lymph-cleansing properties.
Sarsaparilla root is a good source of chromium, cobalt, iron and selenium. Sarsaparilla influences the glandular and urinary systems by helping the body resolve or prevent bone and muscular irregularities.
Saw Palmetto The fruit of the Saw Palmetto is rich in fatty acids and phytosterols, important for sustained health in mature men and women.
A small palm tree with large leaves and deep red-black berries native to North America. Saw Palmetto is widely used in Europe, Canada, and now the U.S. for nutritionally supporting the prostate and urinary tract. Saw Palmetto may be an aphrodisiac for both men and women.
Found in igneous rock at 22 ppm; shale 13 ppm; sandstone and limestone at 1 ppm; sea water at 0.000004 ppm; soils at 7 ppm; land plants at 0.008 ppm; land animals at 0.000006 ppm (concentrates in mammalian heart and bone).
Schisandra is an Adaptogen used for centuries in herbal formulas for problems of the eyes and urinary tract, including frequent urination, urgent urination and incontinence.
Sea Cucumber The sea cucumber is an echinoderm found on the sea floor, named because of its cucumber-like shape, rich in sulphated mucopolysaccharides (chondroitin sulphate) which contain glucosaminoglycans (GAGs) and saponins (trite pine glycosides).
The sea cucumber contains cell growth factors that stimulate cell regeneration.
Sea cucumber is rich in mucopolysaccharides, which help the body's natural production of synovial or joint fluids. Sea cucumber contains natural ingredients that can reduce inflammation and pain. One GAG is Chondroitin Sulfate which is a combination of Glucosamine Sulfate and sugar substances.
This algae with anti-aging properties may help stimulate collogen synthesis, and improve skin elasticity, firmness, and thickness.
Sea-buckthorn The sea-buckthorns (Hippophae L.) are deciduous shrubs in the genus Hippophae, family Elaeagnaceae. The name sea-buckthorn is hyphenated here to avoid confusion with the buckthorns (Rhamnus, family Rhamnaceae). It is also referred to as "sea buckthorn", seabuckthorn, sandthorn or seaberry
SeaProse S This proteolytic enzyme, Protease S (formerly known as Seaprose S), is a semi-alkaline serine-proteinase produced by the fungus Aspergillus melleus.
Seaprose-S demonstrates an ability to reduce painful inflammation and break up mucus. Seaprose is able to inactivate human alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor with limited proteolysis and it has mild elastinolytic capacity. Brings relief for respiratory problems such as bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, pulmonary emphysema, bonchiolitis and bronchial asthma.
Selenium Selenium is an essential trace element which functions as cofactor for reduction of antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione peroxidases and thioredoxin reductase, and plays a role in cellular apoptosis.
A mineral that when combined with Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant, works in metabolic processes, and aids in normal body growth and fertility. Selenium deficiency may be a factor in cancer of the prostate because the mineral is needed in sufficient concentration in the body for life and health. Selenium protects cell membranes and prevents free radical generation thereby decreasing the risk of cancer and disease of the heart and blood vessels. Selenium preserves tissue elasticity; slows down the aging and hardening of tissues through oxidation.
SennaSenna is a purgative herb with active ingredients anthraquinone derivatives and their glucosides. Senna's action is on the lower bowel where it can increase peristaltic movements of the colon.
Senna is a genus of a species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae, native throughout the tropics to temperate regions.
Serine Serine is a non essential amino acid.
Serine is known to increase the immune system by building up antibodies, aid in the proper metabolism of fats and fatty acids, and assist in the growth of muscles. A storage source of glucose by the liver and muscles; helps strengthen the immune system by providing antibodies; synthesizes fatty acid sheath around nerve fibers.
A proteolytic (breaks down waste proteins) polypeptide enzyme isolated from the non-pathogenic bacteria Serratia species found in the digestive tract of the Japanese silkworm.
Shiitake Shiitake mushroom is a legendary gourmet treat it is also one of the most thoroughly researched and documented medicinal mushrooms. Shiitake have excellent nutritional value; Shiitake are the source of at least two important components with proven pharmacological effects: Lentinula edodes mycelium extract and Lentinin.
Silica Silicon occurs in the skin, bone and connective tissue it is an essential nutrient required for normal skeletal development. Commonly found as a silicon oxide such as silica (a sand).
Silicon is a mineral needed in your body for the building of collagen for your bones and connective tissue. Silicon is required for good healthy skin, fingernails, and hair. Silica(Silicon) is needed for calcium absorption in the beginning phase of bone formation. Silica benefits your cardiovascular system and is required to keep your arteries flexible.
Skullcap Skullcap is an herb used in alternative medicine as an anti-inflammatory, abortifacient, antispasmodic, slightly astringent, emmenagogue, febrifuge, nervine, sedative, and a strong tonic.
A gentle sedative which helps promote restful sleep and alleviate anxiety.
Slippery Elm The inner bark of the slippery elm tree contains the medicinal qualities which make it a useful remedy for indigestion, colds, sore throats, and skin wounds.
Sodium It has been found that the intake of diuretics seems to reduce levels of sodium in the body. It is been estimated that up to 20 percent of older people taking diuretics may be deficient in sodium.
This mineral is important to many metabolic functions. It is the main chief cation (positively charged ion) in extracellular fluid (fluid outside the cell). Sodium acts with potassium, which is the main cation in intracellular fluid (fluid inside the cell), to regulate and maintain the body's fluid balance. It helps to control the cell's permeability for exchanges across cell walls, as well as to activate the transmission of electrochemical impulses along nerve membranes. Dietary forms of this mineral are absorbed in the small intestine, and it is metabolization is instigated by the hormone aldosterone from the adrenal cortex.
High concentration of isoflavones are found in soybeans may help protect the body from cancer as well as osteoporosis
Soy may help postmenopausal women reduce the incidence of heart disease, osteoporosis and symptoms such as hot flashes.
Spearmint is a species of mint probably native to much of Europe and southwest Asia.
Spinach Spinach is the "cadillac" of the vegetables; Spinach is high in organic iron and protein content and is easy to assimilate; it has up to 10 times more calcium than milk; rich is carotenoids.
Spinach has the highest amount of vitamins A & B2 of any common crop and is packed with iron, calcium, and protein. Spinach is rich in carotenoid activity including beta carotene and lutein. The consumption of spinach and related vegetables may offset or delay the onset of macular degeneration. Lutein and other carotenioids may help prevent the onset of lung and prostate cancer.
A nutrient-dense algae containing 65 - 70% protein. It contains iron, phosphorous, niacin, vitamin B12 and 26 times the calcium found in milk. It is used as a blood and colon cleanser, for rejuvenation and weight reduction. Rich in chelated minerals, chlorophyll, vitamins and minerals.
Squash Squash is the English word derived from the Narragansett language refering to four species of the genus Cucurbita native to the New World.
Squash is loosely grouped into summer squash or winter squash, as well as autumn squash (another name is cheese squash) depending on whether they are harvested as immature fruits (summer squash) or mature fruits (autumn squash or winter squash). Gourds are from the same family as squashes.
St. John's Wort
Used traditionally as an herbal treatment for anxiety and depression. It is an effective astringent that promotes wound healing and has antiviral properties that can counter herpes simplex, flu viruses and is being investigated as a treatment for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and
specific neurotransmitter support. Extracts of St. John’s wort contain both hyperforin and hypericin.
Strawberry Strawberries are recognized as a source of welltrients including vitamin C, folate, potassium, flavonoids, quercetin, kaempferol and ellagic acid(EA), research has shown EA as an inhibitor to the growth of cancer cells.
The wild ancestors of the most commonly cultivated strawberry today can be white, yellow, taste like pineapples, or the stalks can even point the fruit towards the sun.
Streptococcus thermophilus This probiotic belongs to the genus Streptococcus (a gram-positive bacteria) in the lactic acid bacteria group. The “Streptococcus thermophilus” appear to stimulate disease-fighting cells and reduce nitrites in the body.
Streptococcus thermophilus is a powerful antioxidant; protects the body from free radical damage; helps with lactose intolerance & diarrhea; stimulates the immune system; controls intestinal & vaginal infections; reduces ulcer formation and inflammation resulting from anti-inflammatory use; possesses anti-tumor activity particularly against colon cancer cells; destroys many harmful bacteria.
Strontium (Sr) may replace Calcium in some organisms including man; essential trace element. Strontium is softer than calcium and reactive in water, which strontium decomposes on contact with water to produce strontium hydroxide and hydrogen gas.
Sulfur MSM (methylsulfonylmethane) is a metabolite of the compound dimethyl-sulfoxide (DMSO) that comprises 34 percent elemental sulfur.
Sulfur keeps hair glossy and smooth, helps maintain a youthful appearance of skin and complexion, needed for collagen synthesis, combines with nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen to build protein, aids the liver in the secretion of bile.
Sulfur acts to disinfect the blood and it helps the body to resist bacteria. Aids in the oxidation reactions of the body, while stimulating bile secretion. Considered to be an anti-aging wellrient, due to it's ability to protect against the harmful effects of radiation and pollution. Sulfur is found in hemoglobin and body tissues, and is a principal protein that gives the skin its structural integrity. Sulfur makes garlic to be known as the "king of herbs", because of its in general therapeutic values.
Suma root is an Adaptogen used to treat chronic fatigue syndrome, ulcers, anxiety, menstrual problems, impotence, and menopausal symptoms. Olympic competitors from Russia have used suma in conjunction with other adaptogens to enhance athletic performance. Suma is used to strengthen the immune system and fight infection. Suma is purported to be an aphrodisiac.
Sweet Potato The sweet potato, commonly called a yam in the US is a crop plant with a large, starchy, sweet tasting tuberous root. It is a an important root vegetable.
Taurine Taurine is a conditionally-essential - non-proteogenic - sulfur bearing amino acid like substance, found in the bodys tissues, bloodstream, heart, muscles and the nervous system.
Taurine helps regulate the contraction of the heart muscle and is the most abundant amino acid in the heart. Important in the building skeletal muscle and white blood cells and the central nervous system. Taurine is the key component in the formation of bile, needed for the digestion of fats, the absorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins and the control of serum cholesterol levels.
A traditional herbal medicine originally used by the Aboriginal Australians to treat bruises, insect bites, and skin infections is an effective antiseptic.
The ingestion of tellurium compounds have been known for over a century, to be associated with a garlic-like odor of the breath, thus indicating that tellurium is absorbed by the gut, metabolized by tissues, and excreted through routes other than the feces. to be associated with a garlic-like odor of the breath, thus indicating that tellurium is absorbed by the gut, metabolized by tissues, and excreted through routes other than the feces.
Found in igneous rocks at 0.9 ppm; shale at 0.58 ppm; sandstone at 0.41 ppm; limestone at 0.071 ppm; land plants at 0.0015 ppm; marine animals at 0.006 to 0.01 ppm; land animals at 0.0004 ppm (accumulates in mammalian bone).
Discovered in the 1800s by Sir William Crookes, it was used in medical treatments, for venereal diseases, gout, and tuberculosis. Its toxicity, however, caused it to fall into disuse, though thallium acetate continued to be employed for fungal skin infections for some time.
A relaxant that increases alpha-waves producing mental and physical relaxation decreasing stress and anxiety, without inducing drowsiness
Found in igneous rocks at 9-6 ppm; shale at 12 ppm; sandstone and limestone at 1-7 ppm; soils at 5 ppm; marine animals at 0.003-0.03 ppm and land animals at 0.003-0.1 ppm.
Threonine Threonine is an essential amino acid and is a precursor of both amino acids Glycine and Serine in the body which are necessary to make collagen, elastin and muscle tissue.
Threonine helps maintain proper protein balance in the body while playing a key role in liver, immune and central nervous system functions. The amino acid Threonine is required to properly metabolize fats in the liver. In the nervous system, Threonine increases glycine levels important in individuals with muscle twitching and the symptoms of ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis).
Supplementation enhances the growth of normal cells and has doubled the life spans of laboratory species.
Better known as a spice for cooking. Thyme is also used as a treatment for inflamed sinuses, nose, throat, and larynx, as a remedy for whooping cough, and as an antibacterial and deodorant skin rub. In folk medicine it has been used as a digestive aid, a urinary disinfectant, a diuretic (to flush excess fluid from the body), a remedy for intestinal worms, and an anti-gas medication.
Tin Tin has been established to be an essential trace element.
Tin-deficiency in animals resulted in poor growth and hemoglobin synthesis.
Animal studies show deficiencies cause poor growth and poor feeding, hearing loss and male pattern baldness. May have cancer prevention properties.
Found in igneous rocks at 5,700 ppm; shale at 4,600 ppm; sandstone at 1,500 ppm; sea water at 0.001 ppm; soils at 5,000 ppm; marine plants at 12-80 ppm; land plants at 1 ppm; marine animals at 0.2 to 20 ppm and land animals at 0.2 ppm.
Tomato Tomato contain vitamin C and the anti-oxidant and carotenoid, lycopene which studies show reduces the incidence of prostate cancer, as well as a 40% decreased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Tomatoes contain the anti-oxidant and carotenoid, Lycopene, which is studied for its use in reducing the incidence of prostate cancer. Tomatoes contain vitamins, especially vitamin C. Eating lycopene rich foods has been associated with a 40% decreased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
A vine used as a general tonic (energy) and herbal treatment for impotence, but is found primarily in dietary supplements marketed for increasing testosterone levels in bodybuilders and power athletes.
Trimethylglycine Betaine is a metabolite of choline, and is also known as dimethylglycine (DMG) or trimethylglycine (TMG). Betaine works by donating methyl (CH3) groups. Betaine has the ability to convert homocysteine to methionine. Betaine hcl (betaine hydrochloride) is betaine with hydrochloric acid.
Tryptophan L-Tryptophan is a chemical precursor for Serotonin in the body, known as 5-hydroxy-tryptophan or 5HT. Serotonin is the major neurotransmitter within the brain and found to have decreased in people who are depressed and suffer from chronic pain syndromes
Tryptophan is important in the transfer of nerve impulses; has been found to produce a calming effect used in the treatment of stress, anxiety and depression. Because of these qualities it is responsible for normal sleep. It also takes part in the process of burning extra body fat and aids in weight control.
Found in igneous rocks at 1.5 ppm; shale at 1.8 ppm; sandstone at 1.6 ppm; limestone at 0.6 ppm; sea water at 0.0001; soils at 1 ppm; marine plants at 0.035 ppm; marine animals at 0.0005 to 0.05 ppm; land animals at 0.005 ppm (accumulates in heart muscle and teeth at 0.00025 ppm).
Turmeric The deep yellow ground up dried root of the herb turmeric member of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae used in curries contains the active ingredient is is the polyphenol curcumin.
A powerful anti-oxidant and antiseptic, Turmeric is a yellow pigmented dried rhizome, that has anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory effects. Turmeric may prevent vascular blood clots.
A natural spice that has high levels of phenols, potent antioxidants that can prevent cell damage caused by free radicals. It is extracted from the rhizome of the Curcuma Longa plant; it has the distinctive yellow pigment of curry.
Curry triggers an enzyme known as hemeoxygenase-1 or HO-1, which protects cells from free radical damage that causes inflammation and tissue damage -- the root of various diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and Alzheimer's disease, writes researcher Claudia Colombrita, PhD, with the Universita di Catania in Italy.
In their study, researchers exposed rat brain cells to various concentrations of curry, then analyzed the cells 24 hours later. Indeed, they found HO-1 as well as two other protective enzymes. However, higher concentrations of curry caused substantial cell damage -- with no increase in the protective HO-1 protein, she reports.
While her results appear promising, much more study is needed to determine levels of curry that could protect against Alzheimer's disease.
Tyrosine Involved with the important brain neuro-transmitters epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine. Tyrosine is synthesized in the body from existing levels of phenylalanine.
Stress is associated with reduced levels of norepinephrine. Tyrosine prevents reduction of norepinephrine levels that are associated with stress. Many clinical studies, along with a large body of anecdotal evidence, indicate that tyrosine may prove to be a vital substance in alleviating depression, as well as the irritating symptoms of premenstral syndrome. Tyrosine is used as an aid in the treatment of and withdrawal from cocaine addiction. Tyrosine is a direct precursor to Thyroxine as well as being a precursor to Adrenaline and Noradrenaline. Thyroxine is a primary Thyroid hormone. Thyroxine deficiency results in a series of conditions including excess weight gain, cold hands and feet, decreased basal metabolism, etc.
Precursor to norepinephrine and dopamine
Non-essential amino acid (PA is converted into it first)
Valerian Valerian root is a safe way to smooth out the rough times, working by helping the body to relax the nervous system, also affects positively tense muscles.
Valerian root can be especially beneficial to those experiencing stress and sleeplessness. The use of Valerian for insomnia and nervous conditions has been common for many centuries. Valerian is known world wide for its calming effect on the nervous system. Unlike many prescription drugs used for anxiety, valerian has few side effects and is not addictive.
When used properly with Leucine and Isoleucine, it aids in improving muscle metabolism and tissue repair; very helpful for after surgery or other stress put on the body such as most forms of exercising or heavy weight training.
Vanadium Vanadium is an essential trace mineral vital to the proper function of several body systems, cartilage, bones, teeth, hormone production and cellular metabolism.
Vanadium plays a role in growth and reproduction, and prohibits cholesterol synthesis. Evidence suggests that Vanadium lowers blood sugar levels and may inhibit tumor development, therefore it may protect against diabetes and some cancers. Speeds up recovery from infections.
Vitamin AVitamin A (Retinoid) welltrient that promotes growth and repairs of body tissues. Necessary for growth & repair of body tissues; helps maintain smooth, soft disease-free skin; helps protect the membranes.
Vitamin A (Retinoid) is involved in the formation and maintenance of healthy skin, hair, and mucous membranes. Necessary to new cell growth. Helps Fight infection. Essential for good blood, kidneys, bladder and lungs. Helps in the maintenance of good eyesight. Helps us to see in dim light and is necessary for proper bone growth, tooth development, and reproduction.
Vitamin B Vitamin B is a collection of individual vitamins, collectively known as a Vitamin B complex.
Vitamin B complex is a group of about a dozen water-soluble vitamins that work together to support our bodily functions. Each individual B vitamins supports a different function. Eight of these vitamins are considered to be essential because our bodies cannot produce them and we need to include them in our diet. Water-soluble means that our bodies do not store these vitamins for any length of time and if there is any excess of these vitamins, we eliminate it through urine. Since our bodies do not store these vitamins, we need to replenish our bodies daily.
Vitamin B- 1 An essential co-enzyme (vitamin) necessary for the proper metabolism of sugar and starch to provide energy in the body. It also acts to help the body's memory and heart functions, digestive and nervous systems, and is important for the maintenance of healthy, clear, luminous eyes, hair and skin.
Vitamin B- 2 Riboflavin is necessary for carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. Riboflavin aids in immunity, maintains cell respiration, and is necessary for the maintenance of good vision, skin, nails and hair.
Riboflavin is required for red blood cell formation, antibody production, cell respiration and growth. Important for good muscle tone. Involved in metabolism of protein, protein fats, and carbohydrates. Aids in growth and reproduction promotes healthy hair, skin, nails, alleviates eye fatigue eliminate soreness of mouth and lips help burn carbohydrates, fat and protein.
Vitamin B- 3 Niacin is a water-soluble vitamin, whose derivatives play essential roles in energy metabolism in the cell and DNA repair.
Niacin is involved in proper activity of nervous system and known to protect against various mental illnesses and heart disease. Needed for healthy skin and important for the digestion process and the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Effective in managing cholesterol, prevent severity of migraine headache, reduce high blood pressure, also a possible cancer inhibitor. Aids in circulation beacause it is a natural vaso-dilator helping to increase circulation to the extremities, improving the flow of oxygen and beneficial nutritional factors.
Vitamin B- 4 Vitamin B-4 is also known as the nucleic acid adenine, Vitamin Bw, Vitamin Bp, and Leuco-4.
Some conclude Vitamin B-4 may be a mixture of arginine, glycine, pyridoxine, and riboflavin, while others believe that Vitamin B-4 is a mixture of B2, B6, arginine, cystine, and glycine. Vitamin B-4 was formerly classified as a nucleic acid since it was found in RNA and DNA. Vitamin B-4 is found in plant and animal tissues and appears to be associated with Vitamin B3 (niacin). Although Vitamin B-4 does not have official vitamin status, it is required to build nucleic acids and plays a supporting role in the enzymes systems.
Vitamin B- 5 Pantothenic Acid participates in the release of energy from carbohydrates, fats & protein, aids in the utilization of vitamins; improves the bodys resistance to stress; helps in cell building & the development of the central nervous system; helps the adre
A powerful antioxidant. Needed to produce vital steroids and cortisone in the adrenal gland. Aids in vitamin utilization.
Vitamin B- 6 The bioactive metabolite of Vitamin B-6, Pyridoxil 5'-phosphate is a coenzyme of many enzymatic reactions. It is the active form of Vitamin B-6 which comprises three natural organic compounds, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine and pyridoxine.
Vitamin B-6 is an essential welltrient for the utilization of proteins, fats and carbohydrate metabolism. Involved in a numerous amount of body functions. Necessary for the synthesis & breakdown of amino acids, the building blocks of protein. Pyridoxine is essential for the metabolism of protein, helps to convert glycogen into glucose, which can be used by your muscles for energy. Needed for production of red lood cells and antibodies, which fight disease. Important for metabolism of protein and proper nervous system functioning. One of the critical factors that controls sodium/potassium levels in body fluids.
Vitamin B- 7
Vitamin B- 7, also called vitamin I, was a factor extracted from rice polish.
Its deficiency caused digestive disorders in pigeons. It is not
established that this applies to humans.
Vitamin B- 9
The term "vitamin B9" was reused by some researchers to denote folic acid.
Vitamin B9 Folic acid, also known as folate, is important for the production and maintenance of new cells. This is especially necessary during both pregnancy and infancy when cell growth is extremely rapid. Both adults and children need folic acid to make normal red blood cells and to prevent anemia.
known as factor S was related to vitamin B10. It was
also believed to have similar properties, and was also later determined to be a
mixture of substances.Vitamin B11, also
Vitamin B-12 Vitamin B12 is needed to produce red blood cells and maintain a healthy nervous system.
Key nutrient for new growth. Important role in the metabolism of nerve tissue and in maintaining a healthy nervous system, including brain cells. It also plays a role in the health of the spinal cord. Necessary for normal digestion, absorption of foods, protein synthesis and carbohydrate and fat metabolism. Powerful blood building factor. It aids in the production of DNA/RNA and red blood cells.
is a factor extracted from whey called orotic acid. Its
deficiency causes anemia, large abnormal blood cells, heart problems, skin problems,
and liver deterioration. It is recognized more widely in europe, but has not
been widely supported in the United States. It should probably be grouped with
the "sub-vitamin B complex" of substances that are useful to the body, but may
not be required in food. It is most often used similarly to ascorbate to
combine with minerals for better absorpsion. This also allows vitamin
manufacturers to include it in vitamin formulations without listing and/or claiming it as
a separate vitamin.
B14 is a crystalline conpound isolated from wine and originally thought to be a metabolite of xanthopterin which checks the growth of cancer cells. Deficiencies produce a deterioration of red blood cells (produced by the bone marrow), pernicious anemia, and an accelerated production of cancer cells.
Dimethylglycine (DMG)dimethylglycine (or trimethylglycine), Pangamic acid, Anhydrous Betaine.
It was mostly
researched in the former Soviet Union. It is believe to help oxygen absorpsion,
aiding with heart problems, stress, cancer, and premature aging. The Russians
used it primarily to increase the performance of their olympic athletes. It is
very controversial and is not officially recognized in the United States.
Later researchers referenced diisopropylamine dichloroacetate as being "vitamin
B15", either believing it to be an alternate chemical form with the same
properties, or a more accurate isolation of the chemical.
Oxythiamine chloride Researched in the former Soviet Union, but never
resulted in widespread use by that government.
“Laetrile”, Amygdalin or any of the nitrilosides. It was researched by Dr. Krebs as
a cancer cure. It is very controversial in the United States, and is
outlawed as fraudulent and/or dangerous in many states. It is still recognized in
some other countries.
Vitamin C Vitamin C as an ascorbate is an essential nutrient required for metabolic reactions. Vitamin C is an effective antioxidant, an ascorbate peroxidase substrate, an enzyme cofactor for the biosynthesis of many biochemicals and an electron donor for enzymes.
The pharmacophore of vitamin C is the ascorbate ion. When L-ascorbate is a strong reducing agent carries out its reducing function, it is converted to its oxidized form, L-dehydroascorbate that then be reduced back to the active L-ascorbate form in the body by enzymes and glutathione. L-ascorbate is a weak sugar acid structurally related to glucose, which naturally occurs either attached to a hydrogen ion (ascorbic acid), or to a mineral ion (a mineral ascorbate). The biological halflife for vitamin C is about 30 minutes in blood plasma.
Vitamin DVitamin D is a prohormone (a broken-open steroids called a secosteroid), that is converted in the liver and kidney to become the hormone 1,25-D (physiologically active form of a protein bound vitamin D).
Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) is the natural dietary secosteroid to our body's internal 1,25-Hydroxyvitamin D3.
Vitamin E Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin collective named for a set of related tocopherols and corresponding tocotrienols.
The term vitamin E covers all eight fat-soluble compounds found in nature. Four of them are tocopherols and the other tocotrienols. They are each identified by the prefixes α, β, γ and δ. α-Tocopherol is the most common and biologically the most active of these naturally occurring forms of vitamin E. Natural tocopherols occur in RRR-configuration only (RRR-α-tocopherol was formerly designated as d-α-tocopherol).
Vitamin H - Biotin
Vitamin H3 was once listed in the Merck Index for para- aminobenzoyldiethylaminoethanol hudrochloride. This was based on the work of a Rumanian scientist, Dr. Ana Aslan who used procaine preparations as a youth drug. Her drug was very popular in the 60's, and research still goes on today. Her preparations break down into para-aminobenzoic acid (B-complex factor) and DEAE (related to choline precursors), and thus produced vitamin-like properties. A few researchers postulated that there was a unique vitamin property to the original substance as well. Her drug, called Gerovital-H3, thus became listed in the Merck Index as "vitamin H3".
Vitamin I, also called vitamin B7, was a factor extracted from rice polish.
Its deficiency caused digestive disorders in pigeons. It is not
established that this applies to humans.
Catechol is a flavonoid. Vitamin J has also been applied to Choline
Vitamin K is necessary for formation of prothrombin required for blood clotting, the functioning of several proteins involved in blood clotting, called coagulation. Essential for normal liver functioning and important in maintaining vitality and longevity. also aids the absorption of calcium in bone. Reduces excessive menstrual flows and prevents internal bleeding and hemorrhages.
Thioctic Acid, Alpha-lipoic acid
Deficiency- lack of growth in protozoa and bacteria.
Optimal intake- 300-600 mg
Discussion- A-Lipoic Acid has been used recently in Diabetes treatment.
Bioflavonoids are a class of polyphenols, these welltrients are necessary for proper function and absorption of Vitamin C and they aid in the healing process of injuries. In addition they possess an anti-bacterial quality and fight against infection. Vitamin P denotes the bioflavinoids. Vitamin P1 denots rutin. Vitamin P2 denotes hesperidin. Vitamin P4 denotes troxerutin.
Deficiency- Inability of blood to clot in telagiectasia patients
Discussion- Named after Dr. Armand J. Quick, who found a substance in soybeans could prevent bleeding in people with telagiectasia. According to Quick, only essential in patients with that rare blood disorder.
Old name for Vitamin B10. Also on "The Simpsons" the vitamin in the "malt" drink, the kids drank at lunch on a budget crisis!
Good Sources- kelp
Discussion- I found one reference to this in a book a long time ago. Kelp is known for its many nutrients, so it's likely that this substance is some other vitamin or mineral. Vitamin B11 was also called Vitamin S for awhile.
Tegotin, Termitin, Torutilin
Good Sources- Yeast, termites, fungi, sesame seeds
Discussion- Vitamin T has been used as a name for growth-promoting substances in termites, yeast and fungi. However, many sources list it as a blood health factor in sesame seeds. It is likely that these are two separate chemicals and the factor in termites is distinct from that in sesame seeds. This happens because different researchers discover nutrients and call them by the same name, not knowing another person has already used the designation.
The vitamin was discovered in cabbage called "vitamin U," named after its ulcer healing capacities.
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide, NAD
Deficiency- Developmental problems in chicks
Vitamin X is a term that has been used for almost every undiscovered vitamin until its true chemical nature was identified. Ultimately "Vitamin X" is used to describe any unknown vitamin, including PABA before it was isolated. Most notably, it was during the search for vitamin B12, the search for vitamin E, and the isolation of biotin.
Walnut Herbalists have traditionally used the husks of black walnuts as a nutritional aid for the intestinal system.
Walnuts contains a wide variety of nutrients including numerous vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin E, thiamin, vitamin B6, folate, magnesium, copper, zinc, chromium, iodine. Walnuts are a plant source of protein that is low in saturated fats and cholesterol-free.
Watercress Watercress (Nasturtium officinale) is a hardy perennial European herb of the family Cruciferae, widely naturalized in North America, found in or around water.
Its cruciferous nature may even help prevent lung diseases, such as emphysema and cancer. Watercress contains gluconasturtin (only released when the leaves are chopped or chewed), which helps neutralize a carcinogen in tobacco. Watercress contains credible amounts of folic acid and Lucien. J.E. Meyers, Botanical Gardens of Hammond, Indiana informs us that Watercress is one of the best sources of vitamin E. This is the fertility vitamin, essential to breast enlargement, Vitamin E helps the body to use oxygen, which increases physical endurance and stamina and improves heart response. As a herbal medicinal plant, Watercress has been traditionally considered a diuretic, expectorant, purgative, stimulant, stomachic and tonic. It has been used as a remedy against anemia, eczema, kidney and liver disorders, tuberculosis, boils, warts and tumors.
Wheat Grass Wheat Grass contains more than 120 welltrients, including vitamins, minerals; it is a complete protein, contains about 30 enzymes and more than 70 per cent chlorophyll; cleanses lymph system, neutralizes toxic metals and carcinogens in the body; improv
any plant of the genus Agropyron, cool-season perennials of the family Gramineae (grass family). Species of wheat grass, both native and introduced, are important range forage grasses in the prairie states. Wheat grasses are also valuable for revegetation because of their drought resistance and winter hardiness. Important species are the crested wheat grass (A. cristatum), introduced from N Russia, and the native Western wheat grass (A. smithii). The weed quack grass also belongs to this genus. Wheat grass is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Gramineae.
Whey protein Whey protein is the name for a collection of globular proteins isolated from whey. Whey is typically a mixture of beta-lactoglobulin (~65%), alpha-lactalbumin (~25%), and serum albumin (~8%), which are soluble, independent of pH, containing the highest Biological Value (BV) of any known protein.
a powerful supplement to promote free testosterone which is responsible for the initial sexual urge and facilitates male desire, male performance and male sexual sensation. As the male ages, free testosterone levels decrease leading to a decrease of this normal male performance and male sexual sensation. Additionally, stress and weight gain are also common factors which adversely affect free testosterone levels. Oral supplementation with Avena Sativa promotes the natural balance of free testosterone which is responsible for male sex drive or libido and male performance.
Willow The White Willow is a deciduous tree introduced into the United States from Europe. The bark (was the basis for the synthesis of aspirin) contains the glycoside salicin and related compounds that are absorbed through the intestinal wall and converted to salicylic acid in the blood & livers then excreted in the urine.
Nervine, sedative, astringent, tonic, carminative; used for headaches, neuralgia, tension, insomnia, and to tone the glands.
Wormwood The many species of Wormwood are amongst the most bitter of known herbs, they belong to the genus Artemisia in the the daisy family Asteraceae.
Xylanase Xylanase deconstructs cell structural material by breaking down hemicellulose, a major component of a plant cell wall. Cell walls prevent dehydration and maintain physical integrity of the cell. In food we want to break down these walls to get at the nutr
Breaks down fiber found primarily in grains in a pH of 3-7.
Yam, Wild Wild Yam is native to North America, the dried root (rhizome) contain glycoside diosgenin, systemic corticosteroids, androgens, estrogens, proestrogens, and other phyto-type hormones.
Mexican Yam, or wild yam, is native to North America and a member of the Dioscoreaceae family.
The dried root (rhizome) contain glycoside diosgenin, systemic corticosteroids, androgens, estrogens, proestrogens, and other phyto-type hormones.
Yellow Dock (Rumex Crispus) is one of the best blood cleansing herbs for chronic skin diseases, purges lymph glands, liver ailments, psoriasis, anemia, rheumatism, coughs and helps with Iron deficiency.
Yerba maté Yerba maté is a South American medium-sized evergreen tree, whose holly-like leaves have a distinct aroma with antioxidant activity.
Yohimbe Yohimbe is an herb derived from the bark of the yohimbe tree primarily found in the West African.
Yohimbe contains natural methylated alkaloid that acts as a stimulant for the burning of fat (thermogenesis). Yohimbe has been found to combat impotence and act as an anesthetic at times of painful female menses. Yohimbe is used to help build muscle, improve sexual function, reduce anxiety, elevate mood, and prevent heart attacks.
Found in igneous at 3 ppm; shale at 1.8 ppm; sandstone at 1.3 ppm; limestone at 0.43 ppm; land plants t 0.0015 ppm; marine animals at 0.02 ppm; land animals at 0.00012 ppm (accumulates up to 1.3 ppm in bone, teeth, and liver).
Yucca Yucca is perennial from the agave family (Agavaceae), native to the hot and dry desert parts of North America and Central America. The Yucca root contains saponins that have both a water and fat soluble properties.
Yucca is used today to treat inflammation caused by degenerative diseases like arthritis and rheumatism. Rich in Vitamin A, B-complex and Vitamin C, Yucca is also a good source of calcium, copper, manganese, potassium and phosphorus.
Originally used for both food and medicine, Yucca's natural steroid properties, Saponins, have been known to reduce inflammation and obstructions of the joints. Yucca also contains antibacterial and antifungal properties that contribute to the cleansing of the colon, purifying the blood and helping keep the kindeys and liver free of toxins.
Zinc The second most ocurring essential nutrient is zinc. Zinc is involved in about 3000 different protein complexes in the body.
Zinc functions include the synthesis of cholesterol, protein and fats, releasing vitamin A from the liver, assisting the immune system. Zinc is known for its ability to fight disease and to protect the immune system. Zinc is involved in the Krebs cycle and energy production. Blindness in the elderly has been found to be arrested by zinc. Required for amino acid synthesis and brain functions; believed to help taste, collagen formation, skin and hair stability; necessary for protein synthesis, collagen formation and the absorption of Vitamin A. Taste acuity is linked to zinc, helps maintain proper concentrations of Vitamin E in the blood. Shown to stabilize and improve vision in people with macular degeneration. It is found in every fluid, tissue, cell, and organ, in the human body.
Zizyphus The seed from the ‘Zizyphus tree’ is considered an anxiety reducing herb used traditionally to ‘calm the spirit’.
The most effective herb for calming stress, nervous tension and insomnia. It is the seed from the fruit of a tree and therefore has strengthening and nourishing properties.
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