The Aluminum found in plants is organically bound colloidal aluminum and appears not to have any negative affect and trace amounts may be essential in human nutrition. Most of the mineral Aluminum is found in the lungs, brain, kidneys, liver, and thyroid.
The natural sulfide of antimony was known and used in Biblical times as medicine and as a cosmetic. It is not an abundant welltrient, but is found in over 100 mineral species, sometimes found natively, but more frequently it is found as the sulfide stibnite.
May be essential and functional in humans in very small amounts. It has been shown to be essential in rats and other animals, though it is found in higher concentrations in them than in humans.
Barium Barium is a trace mineral believed important for growth in our bones and teeth.
The possibility that it is an essential mineral has been neither confirmed or denied, despite the claim of Rygh (1949), he reported that the omission of barium from the diet resulted in depressed growth and reduced calcification of bones and teeth in rats and guinea pigs. Barium can spare calcium and is relatively nontoxic and showed some stimulatory action.
Beryllim is found in igneous rock at 2 to 8 ppm; shale at 3 ppm; sandstone and limestone < 1.0 ppm; fresh water 0.001 ppm; sea water at 0.0000006 ppm; soil at 0.1 to 40 ppm; marine plants at 0.001 ppm (highest in brown algae); land plants at < 0.1 ppm (highest in volcanic soils); land animals at 0.0003 to 0.00s ppm in soft tissue.
Extensively used as a therapeutic agent for gastrointestinal disturbances. There is no evidence to indicate its use as an essential nutrient. It is a relatively nontoxic element and is found in low quantities in human tissues.
Boron The element Boron is an essential mineral. Boron plays a role in cell-membrane functions that influence response to hormone action, trans-membrane signaling and trans-membrane movement of regulatory ions (i.e. parathyroid secretes a hormone that contains boron). Boron acts as a metabolic regulator in several enzymatic systems (i.e. boron inhibit the activity of serine protease enzymes).
Healthy bones need a balanced amount of boron, and boron is needed for the metabolism or other minerals. It has been found that boron enhances brain function and learning function. Boron is essential for bone metabolism and calcification of bones and normal blood levels of hormones (i.e. estrogen, testosterone).
Bromine has not been shown to perform any essential function in plants, microorganisms, or animals. It is unclear that the body actually requires it, chemical symbol Br, though we ingest around 1.5 - 2.5 mg per day.
The typical dietary intake of this element daily is 10-20 mcg.1 Cadmium (Cd), found in cigarette smoke, industrialization, and population growth has a long half life (10-30 yrs.) and high intakes can cause organ damage, especially kidney damage. If there is a deficiency of zinc in the diet, the body will compensate, storing cadmium.
Calcium Calcium (Ca) is an essential alkaline nutrient element reuired by every cell in the body and is the most abundent mineral in the body.
Calcium is a mineral necessary for normal neuromuscular function including, heart muscle contractions, blood clotting, regulation of heartbeat, activation of certain enzymes, nerve transmission and bone structure. Calcium is known for building strong bones and teeth by keeping them from becoming weak and fragile, and by fighting off the accumulation of lead and cavity formation.
Calcium contributes to the formation of intracellular cement and cell membranes, and regulation of nervous excitability and muscular contraction.
About 90 percent of calcium is stored in bone, where it can be re-absorbed by blood and tissue.
Carbon functions as an essential structural atom for all organic molecules including stored, transported and functioning organic colloidal minerals.
Cerium nitrate is used as a topical disinfectant for severe burn victims.
Caesium or Cesium (Cs) enters cancer cells and produces alkaline condition, causing cancer cells to die.
Chloride An essential mineral occurring in the body mainly in compound form with sodium or potassium. Chloride (as chlorine) is a major mineral nutrient that occurs in body fluids.
Chloride accounts for approximately 0.15 percent of our total body weight, which is 450 - 600mg of chloride per 100 ml of blood. The highest concentrations of chloride in the body are found in the erythrocytes with lesser amounts being found in the skin, reproductive organs, and gastric mucosa. It is found mostly in extracellular fluids, especially gastrointestinal secretions and cerebrospinal fluids.
Chromium Chromium is an essential nutrient in bringing balance to the body.
Chromium works with insulin in the metabolism of sugar and stabilizes blood sugar levels; cleans the arteries by reducing Cholesterol & Triglyceride levels; helps transport amino acids to where the body needs them; helps control the appetite; medical research has shown that persons with low levels of Chromium in their bodies are more susceptible to having cancer and heart problems and becoming diabetic. Chromium is essential for normal sugar and fat metabolism. Chromium functions primarily by potentiating the action of insulin. This mineral occurs throughout the body with highest concentrations in the liver, kidney, spleen and bone. Deficiencies in Cr may result in ADD, ADHD, anxiety, cholesterol plaque, coronary blood vessel disease, depression, bipolar, diabetes, elevated blood cholesterol, elevated blood triglycerides, fatigue, hyperactivity, low blood sugar, infertility, decreased sperm count, learning disabilities, peripheral neuropathy, retarded growth.
Lowers blood pressure, prevents sugar cravings and sudden drops in energy. A key trace mineral used in carbohydrate metabolism and plays a role in energy release. As a component of a natural substance called glucose tolerance factor, chromium works with insulin to regulate the body's use of sugar and is essential to fatty-acid metabolism. Its' contribution to metabolism makes chromium a helpful supplement in weight loss programs. Additional evidence suggests that chromium may help deter atherosclerosis and reduce risk of cardiovascular disease.
Cobalt A trace element necessary for the activity and function of Cobalamin (Vit B12).
Vital to the nervous system, helps prevent demyelination (destruction of the outer covering of the nerves, or the myelin sheath) which can cause faulty nerve transmission, beneficial in fighting pernicious anemia, combines with intrinsic factor in the stomach in order to be absorbed by the bloodstream (without intrinsic factor cobalt cannot be assimilated into the bloodstream and is then eliminated from the body, unused), used to treat hepatitis because of it's action in protein synthesis, helps to fight bronchial asthma, essential for healthy skin, building hemoglobin, aids in enzyme activation, may substitute for manganese in activating some enzymes.
Copper Copper is an essential nutrient found primarily in the bloodstream, as a co-factor in various enzymes, and in copper-based body pigments. Copper is involved in the formation of all connective tissue, hemoglobin and nervous system functions.
Copper in the bloodstream is found on a plasma protein called ceruloplasmin. When copper is first absorbed in the gut it is transported to the liver bound to albumin. Copper is found in a variety of enzymes, including the copper centers of cytochrome c oxidase and the enzyme superoxide dismutase (containing copper and zinc). Copper is used for biological electron transport, the blue copper proteins that participate in electron transport include azurin and plastocyanin. The name "blue copper" comes from their intense blue color (about 600 nm) arising from a ligand-to-metal charge transfer (LMCT) absorption band.
Zinc and copper compete for absorption in the digestive tract so a dietary 10:1 balance must be maintained to prevent a deficiency.
A copper deficiency may produce an anemia-like symptoms because of its role in facilitating iron uptake.
A Rare Earth found in igneous rock at 2.8 ppm, shale at 1.9 ppm; sandstone at 1 ppm; limestone at 0.36 ppm; land plants up to 46 ppm in Carya spp.; marine animals at 0.02 to 0.04 ppm and land animals primarily in bone.
It has extended the life of laboratory species over their normal expected lifespan by 100 percent. Europium is found in higher concentration in breast milk from women in third world countries than in American women.
Fluoride The element Fluorine as Fluoride in extremely trace amounts may be important for the maintenance of healthy teeth.
Fluoride is a mineral occurring naturally in soil, water, plants, and animals in trace quantities. Trace amounts of Fluoride is found as a component of bone. In water, fluoride is in the form of calcium fluoride (CaF2) called Fluorite. Fluoride occurs naturally in tea leaves and vegetables such as endives and curly kale when present in the soil.
A Rare Earth, is found in igneous rocks at 5.4 ppm; shales at 4.3 ppm; sandstones at 2.6 ppm; limestones at 0.7 ppm; land plants at up to 70 ppm by Carya spp.; marine animals at 0.06 ppm; land animals accumulate gadolium in bond and liver very quickly after absorption.
Gallium was claimed to be essential in 1938 and again in 1958. Gallium has specific areas of metalloenzymes activity in the human brain and has been reported to specifically reduce the rate of brain cancer in laboratory animals.
Germanium Germanium is necessary for the optimum nutrition of the human body because it assists in carrying oxygen to the cells.
Adequate amounts of germanium are required for proper cellular oxygenation. Germanium is helpful in improving the immune system as well as ridding the body of various toxins and poisons. Much like hemoglobin, Germanium assists in carrying oxygen to the cells.
Gold Has been most commonly used for its reported effects against active joint inflammation like arthritis.
Gold may reduce active inflammation in other areas of the body.
Hafnium This Is Not A Welltrient!
Found in igneous rocks at 3 ppm; shale at 2.8 ppm; sandstone at 3.4 ppm; limestone at 0.3 ppm; sea water at 0.000008 ppm; soil at 3.0 ppm; marine plants at 0.4 ppm; land plants at 0.01 ppm; land animals at 0.04 ppm.
A Rare Earth, found in igneous rocks at 1.2 ppm; in shale at 0.6 ppm; sandstone at 0.51 ppm; limestone at 0.17 ppm; land plants at 16 ppm in Carya spp.; marine animals at 0.005 to 0.01 ppm; and land animals at 0.5 ppm in bone.
Hydrogen functions as a major constituent of water and all organic molecules. The regulation of the acid-base balance in the human body is in fact the regulation of the hydrogen ion (H+) levels of cellular and extracellular fluids. Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) is controlled by the body by means of dilution, buffering, respiratory control of volatile hydrogen ion concentrations and control of non-volatile hydrogen ions. Buffer systems react to hydrogen ion concentrations in fractions of seconds, respiratory controls react in minutes and the kidneys may require as an hour to several days to respond.
Yukawa et al. consistently found indium in human tissues at concentrations between 0.01 and 0.07 mcg/g fresh tissue.
Iodine Iodine is essential in the development and function of the thyroid gland. Iodine is detected in every organ and tissue in the body and is essential in pregnancy. Iodine is also found in high levels in the breast, ovaries, liver, lung, heart, stomach, and adrenal glands.
The thyroid gland adds iodine to the amino acid tyrosine to create the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones have tremendous effects in the control of cellular metabolism. Iodine is essential in developing and maintaining a healthy thyroid function, necessary for the normal growth, development and functioning of the brain and body. Helps to metabolize fat and is essential in the physical and mental development.
Iodine is an important component of thyroid hormones, which control energy metabolism in the body as well as body temperature, reproduction, and growth. Iodine aids in the development and functioning of the thyroid gland; regulates the body’s production of energy; helps burn excess fat by stimulating the rate of metabolism; mentality, speech, the condition of the hair, skin, & teeth are dependent upon a well-functioning thyroid gland.
Found in igneous rocks at 0.001 ppm; land plants at 0.62 ppm and land animals at 0.00002 ppm.
Iron The most ocurring essential nutrient is iron whose major function is to combine with protein and copper in making hemoglobin and bind oxygen in red blood cells for the delivery of oxygen to body tissues.
It is part of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of the blood. When deficient we tire easily, partly because our bodies are starved for oxygen. It is part of myoglobin, which helps muscle cells store oxygen. Without enough it, ATP (the fuel the body runs on) cannot be properly synthesized.
Despite the high toxicity of lead, very small amounts of this metal have been proved to be essential. Typical daily intakes are 15-100 mcg per day. In animal studies, lead (Pb) deficiency had adverse effects on growth and disturbed iron metabolism. Although beneficial in minute amounts, toxicity is more of a nutritional concern.
Lithium Lithium is a mineral involved with many physiological functions including helping to transport sodium metabolism to brain nerves and muscles.
Lithium works with other elements, enzymes, hormones, vitamins and growth factors. Many of the biological actions of Lithium may be caused by the powerful polarizing effect caused by its small atomic radius, allowing it to displace sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium from membrane or enzyme binding sites. Dietary lithium is utilized by the body to help moderate temperament and to help control anger and hostility.
This organic trace mineral clears the body 6-8 hours after ingestion if not utilized by the body. There is NO danger of toxicity.
Magnesium The element magnesium is an essential mineral involved in 350+ biochemical actions in the body.
Magnesium regulates calcium and potassium metabolism, facilitates muscle constriction and relaxation, and assists in nerve transmission and conduction. Magnesium is carried into our body & cells by the amino acid glycine.
Manganese An antioxidant nutrient; important in the blood breakdown of amino acids and the production of energy; necessary for the metabolism of Vitamin B-1 & Vitamin E; Activates various enzymes. Manganese is a catalyst in the breakdown of fats & cholesterol; help
Essential for a healthy immune system, healthy nerves, normal bone growth, blood sugar regulation, and reproduction. Used in energy production, required for normal bone growth and for reproduction. Used in the formation of cartilage and synovial (lubricating) fluid of the joints needed in small amounts for your body's fat and protein metabolism. It is used in energy production. It plays an important role as part of the natural antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD), which helps to fight free radicals, It helps energy metabolism, thyroid function, blood sugar control, and normal skeletal growth. Helps eliminate fatigue and osteoporosis, improves memory, reduces nervous irritability.
Molybdenum Molybdenum is an essential trace element required in nitrogen metabolism.
An essential trace element required in nitrogen metabolism. Molybdenum enhances cell function and is a component in the metabolic process. Molybdenum is distributed throughout the body, with the greatest concentration in the liver, where Molybdenum functions as a facilitator for liver detoxification. Molybdenum is vital for the function and formation of several (at least 3) enzymes in the body, one of which regulates urinary excretion.
Nickel High concentrations of nickel are found in genetic material. Nickel is involved in both protein structure and function. Nickel plays a role in hormone functions, and activates certain enzymes related to the breakdown or utilization of glucose.
Human and animal tests show that nickel to be a factor in hormone, lipid and membrane metabolism and cell membrane integrity. Significant amounts are found in DNA and RNA and nickel may act as a stabilizer of these nucleic acids.
Schroeder and Balassa considered niobium a neglected element from a biological viewpoint. They based this statement on their finding that levels of niobium in tissues of humans and wild, domestic, and laboratory animals were comparable to those of copper.
Nitrogen is an essential building block of protein. Nitrogen functions as a structural atom in protein, nucleic acids (RNA, DNA) and a wide variety of organic molecules. It furnishes the amino acids for synthesis of tissue protein and other special metabolic functions: Proteins are used to repair worn-out body tissue. Proteins are used to build new tissue (muscle, infant growth, childhood, teenagers, pregnancy). Proteins can be an emergency source of heat and energy. Proteins make up essential body secretions and fluids (ie enzymes, hormones, mucus, milk, semen, etc). Blood plasma proteins maintain osmotic fluid balance (hypoproteinuria results in edema). Proteins maintain acid-base balance of blood and tissues. Proteins aid in transport of other essential substances (ie- minerals, fats, vitamins, etc). Proteins make up basic immunoglobulins (antibodies). Proteins provide a Nitrogen pool for the synthesis of amino acids and new proteins.
This is an organic trace mineral. Palladium can be found in plants after being converted from inorganic form (from the soil) to an organic form by the plant. This organic trace mineral clears the body 6-8 hours after ingestion if not utilized by the body.
Phosphorus Phosphorus is vital for strong bones and teeth and plays an important role in energy storage and release. It is found in DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid). Phosphorus is necessary for normal milk secretion and many metabolic reactions
It has been determined that a proper balance between magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus is important at all times. An imbalance in any of the three may have adverse effects on the body. It has been found phosphorus is needed for tooth formation and healthy bones, the proper functioning of the heart muscles, as well as kidney function.
Doctors in Germany have had miraculous results using platinum to treat cancer for some time now. Indirect use of platinum in oncology in the 1970's coincidentally resulted in shrinking and disappearance of breast lumps. Little is known about platinum and its benefits. Platinum may prove to be very influential in the fight against cancer and other illnesses.
Potassium The essential alkali mineral Potassium is the major cation inside the cells and important in the maintainence of fluid and electrolyte balance in all body systems.
Maintaining a healthy nervous system as well as a regular heart rhythm is enhanced by potassium. Proper muscle contractions as well as the prevention of stroke seems to be affected by the presence of potassium in proper amounts. Chemical reactions within cells, stability of blood pressure are also affected by potassium. Research suggests that the function of potassium decreases with age, which reflects on certain of the age related problems. Supplemental potassium may act as an anti-aging agent.
Due to the interaction of potassium with hormones relating to stress, excess of stress has a tendency to increase the body's requirement of potassium.
Our body contains about 350 mg. It has not yet been shown to be essential. Chemically, it is like potassium, and in some animals it can replace potassium in certain functions, though this does not seem to be the case in humans.
Ruthenium is found in igneous rocks at 0.001 ppm; land plants at 0.005 ppm; land animals at 0.002 ppm.
Found in igneous rock at 22 ppm; shale 13 ppm; sandstone and limestone at 1 ppm; sea water at 0.000004 ppm; soils at 7 ppm; land plants at 0.008 ppm; land animals at 0.000006 ppm (concentrates in mammalian heart and bone).
Selenium Selenium is an essential trace element which functions as cofactor for reduction of antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione peroxidases and thioredoxin reductase, and plays a role in cellular apoptosis.
A mineral that when combined with Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant, works in metabolic processes, and aids in normal body growth and fertility. Selenium deficiency may be a factor in cancer of the prostate because the mineral is needed in sufficient concentration in the body for life and health. Selenium protects cell membranes and prevents free radical generation thereby decreasing the risk of cancer and disease of the heart and blood vessels. Selenium preserves tissue elasticity; slows down the aging and hardening of tissues through oxidation.
Silica Silicon occurs in the skin, bone and connective tissue it is an essential nutrient required for normal skeletal development. Commonly found as a silicon oxide such as silica (a sand).
Silicon is a mineral needed in your body for the building of collagen for your bones and connective tissue. Silicon is required for good healthy skin, fingernails, and hair. Silica(Silicon) is needed for calcium absorption in the beginning phase of bone formation. Silica benefits your cardiovascular system and is required to keep your arteries flexible.
Sodium It has been found that the intake of diuretics seems to reduce levels of sodium in the body. It is been estimated that up to 20 percent of older people taking diuretics may be deficient in sodium.
This mineral is important to many metabolic functions. It is the main chief cation (positively charged ion) in extracellular fluid (fluid outside the cell). Sodium acts with potassium, which is the main cation in intracellular fluid (fluid inside the cell), to regulate and maintain the body's fluid balance. It helps to control the cell's permeability for exchanges across cell walls, as well as to activate the transmission of electrochemical impulses along nerve membranes. Dietary forms of this mineral are absorbed in the small intestine, and it is metabolization is instigated by the hormone aldosterone from the adrenal cortex.
Strontium (Sr) may replace Calcium in some organisms including man; essential trace element. Strontium is softer than calcium and reactive in water, which strontium decomposes on contact with water to produce strontium hydroxide and hydrogen gas.
Sulfur MSM (methylsulfonylmethane) is a metabolite of the compound dimethyl-sulfoxide (DMSO) that comprises 34 percent elemental sulfur.
Sulfur keeps hair glossy and smooth, helps maintain a youthful appearance of skin and complexion, needed for collagen synthesis, combines with nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen to build protein, aids the liver in the secretion of bile.
Sulfur acts to disinfect the blood and it helps the body to resist bacteria. Aids in the oxidation reactions of the body, while stimulating bile secretion. Considered to be an anti-aging wellrient, due to it's ability to protect against the harmful effects of radiation and pollution. Sulfur is found in hemoglobin and body tissues, and is a principal protein that gives the skin its structural integrity. Sulfur makes garlic to be known as the "king of herbs", because of its in general therapeutic values.
The ingestion of tellurium compounds have been known for over a century, to be associated with a garlic-like odor of the breath, thus indicating that tellurium is absorbed by the gut, metabolized by tissues, and excreted through routes other than the feces. to be associated with a garlic-like odor of the breath, thus indicating that tellurium is absorbed by the gut, metabolized by tissues, and excreted through routes other than the feces.
Found in igneous rocks at 0.9 ppm; shale at 0.58 ppm; sandstone at 0.41 ppm; limestone at 0.071 ppm; land plants at 0.0015 ppm; marine animals at 0.006 to 0.01 ppm; land animals at 0.0004 ppm (accumulates in mammalian bone).
Discovered in the 1800s by Sir William Crookes, it was used in medical treatments, for venereal diseases, gout, and tuberculosis. Its toxicity, however, caused it to fall into disuse, though thallium acetate continued to be employed for fungal skin infections for some time.
Found in igneous rocks at 9-6 ppm; shale at 12 ppm; sandstone and limestone at 1-7 ppm; soils at 5 ppm; marine animals at 0.003-0.03 ppm and land animals at 0.003-0.1 ppm.
Supplementation enhances the growth of normal cells and has doubled the life spans of laboratory species.
Tin Tin has been established to be an essential trace element.
Tin-deficiency in animals resulted in poor growth and hemoglobin synthesis.
Animal studies show deficiencies cause poor growth and poor feeding, hearing loss and male pattern baldness. May have cancer prevention properties.
Found in igneous rocks at 5,700 ppm; shale at 4,600 ppm; sandstone at 1,500 ppm; sea water at 0.001 ppm; soils at 5,000 ppm; marine plants at 12-80 ppm; land plants at 1 ppm; marine animals at 0.2 to 20 ppm and land animals at 0.2 ppm.
Found in igneous rocks at 1.5 ppm; shale at 1.8 ppm; sandstone at 1.6 ppm; limestone at 0.6 ppm; sea water at 0.0001; soils at 1 ppm; marine plants at 0.035 ppm; marine animals at 0.0005 to 0.05 ppm; land animals at 0.005 ppm (accumulates in heart muscle and teeth at 0.00025 ppm).
Vanadium Vanadium is an essential trace mineral vital to the proper function of several body systems, cartilage, bones, teeth, hormone production and cellular metabolism.
Vanadium plays a role in growth and reproduction, and prohibits cholesterol synthesis. Evidence suggests that Vanadium lowers blood sugar levels and may inhibit tumor development, therefore it may protect against diabetes and some cancers. Speeds up recovery from infections.
Found in igneous at 3 ppm; shale at 1.8 ppm; sandstone at 1.3 ppm; limestone at 0.43 ppm; land plants t 0.0015 ppm; marine animals at 0.02 ppm; land animals at 0.00012 ppm (accumulates up to 1.3 ppm in bone, teeth, and liver).
Zinc The second most ocurring essential nutrient is zinc. Zinc is involved in about 3000 different protein complexes in the body.
Zinc functions include the synthesis of cholesterol, protein and fats, releasing vitamin A from the liver, assisting the immune system. Zinc is known for its ability to fight disease and to protect the immune system. Zinc is involved in the Krebs cycle and energy production. Blindness in the elderly has been found to be arrested by zinc. Required for amino acid synthesis and brain functions; believed to help taste, collagen formation, skin and hair stability; necessary for protein synthesis, collagen formation and the absorption of Vitamin A. Taste acuity is linked to zinc, helps maintain proper concentrations of Vitamin E in the blood. Shown to stabilize and improve vision in people with macular degeneration. It is found in every fluid, tissue, cell, and organ, in the human body.
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