Bitter orange is an evergreen tree originated from southeast Asia grows to 30 ft in height and has long, leathery, dark green leaves and scented white flowers with an orange fruit rich in the bioflavinoid hesperidin that is bitter and sour.
Used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat chest congestion and indigestion, stimulate gastrointestinal function and improve circulation and liver function. In traditional western medicine, It has been used to treat digestive and circulatory problems.
Commonly used for thousands of years to promote weight loss by enabling the body to accelerate the removal of fat stores. This process induces thermogenesis, the body's ability to burn fat.
The powerful thermogenic agent, known for it's ability to increase the body's metabolic rate, and it's ability to increase total caloric expenditure; the body is able to burn more calories at a quicker pace. Although chemically similar to the stimulant, ephedrine, and is thought to have similar effects in providing an energy boost, suppressing appetite, promoting weight loss and increasing metabolic rate and caloric expenditure, It does not stimulate the central nervous system in the brain, so the negative central nervous system side effects, such as jitters and increased blood pressure, are not experienced.
It is known as synephrine, is a herbal stimulant similar to ephedra.
It is used for stimulating the breakdown of fat, by causing the release of noradrenaline (a stress hormone) at beta-3 receptor sites creating chemical reactions that increase fat breakdown. Beta-3 receptors in the body increase the rate at which fat is released from the body stores (lipolysis) and increase resting metabolic rate (thermogenesis) Physical activity will increase this thermogenic effect and further enhance it's thermogenic effect towards healthy and permanent weight loss.
Bitter orange uses and dietary functions include: antispasmodic, sedative, tranquilizer, cholagogue, demulcent, eupeptic, tonic, and vascular stimulant; as an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antifungal agent; and cholesterol reducing.
In one study bitter orange helped regulate an irregular heartbeat.
The Spanish and Portuguese brought bitter oranges to the Americas in the 1500s. In Chinese folk medicine, bitter orange was used as a tonic and carminative to treat dyspepsia. Dried bitter orange was used to treat ptosis of the uterus and anus, to relieve abdominal distention and diarrhea, and for blood in feces.
"Hesperidin" is a bitter crystalline body isolated in 1828 by Lebreton in the white parenchymatous tissues of both the orange and lemon rind, but is found in greatest abundance in this species. Indigenous to eastern Africa, Arabia, and Syria, and cultivated in Spain, Italy, and North America. In folk medicine the flower of is used for gastric complaints, nervousness, insomnia, gout and sore throat. The unripened fruit is a traditional flavoring used in the liqueur Curacao.
Bitter orange is an evergreen originated from southeast Asia grows to 30 ft in height and has long, leathery, dark green leaves and scented white flowers with an orange fruit that is bitter and sour.
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