Broccoli is a vegetable plant of the Cabbage family, Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae), rich in vitamins A and C, folate, potassium, and particularly sulforaphane, a powerful cancer-fighting agent.
Broccoli is rich in anti-oxidants. Broccoli contains the phytowelltrients that become sulforaphane, which mobilizes the body’s natural cancer-fighting resources and is a powerful chemoprotective agent. Broccoli contains a high amount of beta-carotene and Broccoli is low in calories and virtually fat-free.
Broccoli is a vegetable plant of the Cabbage family, Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae).
A study by the British Institute of Food Research (IFR) found that many people fail to benefit from broccoli because they lack a specific gene (GSTM1) that helps retain the sulforaphane compound in the body.
"Eating a few portions of broccoli each week may help to reduce the risk of cancer. Some individuals, who lack a gene called GSMT1, appear to get less cancer protection from broccoli than those who have the gene," said researcher Professor Richard Mithen.
"Our studies suggest that this may be because if you lack the gene you cannot retain any sulphoraphane inside your body - it is all excreted within a few hours."
Broccoli comes from a Latin word "brachium" and later Italian brocco meaning "arm", or "branch". Broccoli is referred to as a "cruciferous" vegetable. The Brassicaceae family (part of the the mustard or cabbage family) was first called the Cruciferae family, because these plants often have four petals which looked like a crucifix.
Broccoli is a close relative of cauliflower, broccoli has grown wild in Mediterranean areas for hundreds of years; domestic broccoli was first cultivated in the United States in the Twenties. It has become one of the most popular members of the Brassica genus (which includes cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and other so-called cruciferous vegetables).
In 1992, Johns Hopkins University pharmacology professor Paul Talalay and his colleagues showed that sulforaphane (a substance produced by the body from a compound in broccoli) could trigger the production of phase II enzymes. Phase II enzymes detoxify cancer-causing chemicals and are some of the most powerful anti-cancer compounds known to man.
The tissue of broccoli has been found to contain high levels of an active plant chemicals called glucosinolates. Glucosinolates are metabolized by the body into isothiocynates, glucosinolates are powerful anti-carcinogens. The main isothiocynate from broccoli is sulphoraphane.
Broccoli: 1 cup cooked
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